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The doxorubicin-selected lung cancer cell line H69AR is resistant to many chemotherapeutic agents. However, like most tumor samples from individuals with this disease, it does not overexpress P-glycoprotein, a transmembrane transport protein that is dependent on adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and is associated with multidrug resistance. Complementary DNA(More)
The 190-kDa phosphoglycoprotein multidrug resistance protein 1 (MRP1) (ABCC1) confers resistance to a broad spectrum of anticancer drugs and also actively transports certain xenobiotics with reduced glutathione (GSH) (cotransport) as well as conjugated organic anions such as leukotriene C(4) (LTC(4)). In the present study, we have investigated a series of(More)
Two doxorubicin-selected human tumor cell lines, H69AR and HT1080/DR4, display a multidrug resistance phenotype but do not overexpress P-glycoprotein. Recently, a 6.5-kilobase mRNA encoding a novel member of the ATP-binding cassette superfamily of transport proteins, designated multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP), has been identified in the H69AR(More)
A multidrug resistant variant (H69AR) of the human small cell lung cancer cell line NCI-H69 was obtained by culturing these cells in gradually increasing doses of Adriamycin up to 0.8 microM after a total of 14 months. H69AR expresses the multidrug resistant phenotype because it is cross-resistant to anthracycline analogues including daunomycin, epirubicin,(More)
Previously (L. C. Young et al., Clin. Cancer Res., 5: 673-680, 1999), we found, in a panel of 23 lung cancer cell lines that had not been selected for in vitro drug resistance, that the mRNA levels of MRP3 and MRP1, two members of the ATP-binding cassette superfamily of transport proteins, correlated with resistance to doxorubicin, vincristine, VP-16, and(More)
Multidrug resistance in tumor cells is often associated with reduced drug accumulation resulting from increased expression of the 190-kDa multidrug resistance protein 1 (MRP1) or the 170-kDa P-glycoprotein. However, unlike P-glycoprotein, MRP1 is a primary active transporter of many conjugated organic anions, including the cysteinyl leukotriene LTC(4).(More)
The problem of assessing the " quality " of scientific publications has long been a major impediment to progress in the sociology of science. Most researchers have typically paid homage to the belief that quantity of output is not the equivalent of quality and have then gone ahead and used publication counts anyway (Coler, 1963 : There seemed to be no(More)
Resistance to drugs included in the multidrug-resistance phenotype has been attributed to overexpression of either mdr1 or MRP genes and their products in numerous cell lines, while coexpression, to our knowledge, has not previously been reported in the same cells. Human small cell lung cancer H69/VP cells were developed by continuous incubation in(More)
We have examined the ability of eight compounds to enhance adriamycin (ADM) sensitivity of two human tumour cell lines (a small cell lung cancer cell line, NCI-H69, and a fibrosarcoma cell line, HT1080) and their multidrug-resistant variants. The resistant cell lines (H69AR and HT1080/DR4) do not overexpress P-glycoprotein. Verapamil, nicardipine,(More)
Multidrug resistance protein, MRP, is a 190-kDa integral membrane phosphoglycoprotein that belongs to the ATP-binding cassette superfamily of transport proteins and is capable of conferring resistance to multiple chemotherapeutic agents. Previous studies have indicated that MRP consists of two membrane spanning domains (MSD) each followed by a nucleotide(More)