Stephen C. Pryor

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Both morphine and anandamide significantly stimulated cultured endothelial intracellular calcium level increases in a concentration-dependent manner in cells pre-loaded with fura 2/AM. Morphine is more potent than anandamide (approximately 275 vs. 135 nM [Ca]i), and the [Ca]i for both ligands was blocked by prior exposure of the cells to their respective(More)
Studies done in our laboratories have demonstrated that the parasitic trematode, Schistosoma mansoni is capable of producing several proopiomelanocortin (POMC) peptides including beta-endorphin, adrenocorticotropin (ACTH), melanocyte stimulating hormone (alphaMSH) and enkephalin as well as morphine. Some of these opioids have been demonstrated to be(More)
This report establishes the presence of mammalian-like proopiomelanocotropic hormone (POMC), and six of its peptides, including adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH), in the immune tissues of the leech Theromyzon tessulatum. The 25.4-kDa protein was purified by high pressure gel permeation chromatography,(More)
BACKGROUND Bifenthrin is a third generation member of the synthetic pyrethroid family of insecticides. As a new pesticide within a relatively new class of pesticides, bifenthrin is considered relatively safe. Here, we used the PC12 neuronal cell line to examine the effect of bifenthrin on the formation of neurites and the potential developmental(More)
1. The effects of dopamine and octopamine on adenylate cyclase activity were studied on the head homogenate of adultCulex pipiens mosquitoesin vitro. 2. Both dopamine and octopamine were shown to increase the cyclic AMP content in the homogenate. 3. The antagonist haloperidol blocked the production of cyclic AMP induced from dopamine but had no effect on(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) signalling is at the forefront of intense research interest because its many effects remain controversial and seemingly contradictory. This paper examines its role as a potential mediator of pain and tolerance. Within this context discussion covers endogenous morphine, documenting its ability to be made in animal tissues, including nervous(More)
Morphine and anandamide stimulate the release of nitric oxide (NO) in diverse tissues. The present study examines the consequences of this action on neurotransmitter release in ganglia from two invertebrates: ventral chain ganglia from the leech Hirudo medicinalis and the pedal ganglion from the mussel Mytilus edulis. In these ganglia, preloaded serotonin(More)
The effects of the opiates morphine and morphine-6-glucuronide (M6G), the mu opioid receptor specific antagonist D-Phe-Cys-Tyr-D-Trp-Om-Thr-Pen-Thr-NH(2) (CTOP), and the general opiate antagonist naloxone on the latency of response to thermal stimulation were determined in the parasitic nematode Ascaris suum. Thermal detection and avoidance behaviors of the(More)
The parasitic worm Ascaris suum contains the opiate alkaloid morphine as determined by HPLC coupled to electrochemical detection and by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. The level of this material is 1168 +/- 278 ng/g worm wet weight. Furthermore, Ascaris maintained for 5 days contained a significant amount of morphine, as did their medium,(More)
The present study demonstrates that morphine- and codeine-like molecules are present in Schistosoma mansoni following HPLC separation and identification with an appropriate commercially available antibody. Furthermore, the endogenous material, corresponding to morphine, mimics authentic morphine in its ability to induce immunocyte rounding and immobility,(More)