Stephen C. Phillips

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The response of the human endometrium to the ovarian hormones, estrogen and progesterone, has been the focus of decades of research. In order to understand this critical aspect of endometrial physiology, we undertook a genome-wide analysis of transcript abundance and changes in transcript level between normal endometrium in the proliferative and secretory(More)
The capsaicin receptor TRPV1, a member of the transient receptor potential family of non-selective cation channels is a polymodal nociceptor. Noxious thermal stimuli, protons, and the alkaloid irritant capsaicin open the channel. The mechanisms of heat and capsaicin activation have been linked to voltage-dependent gating in TRPV1. However, until now it was(More)
The pathophysiology of endometriosis remains unclear but involves a complex interaction between ectopic endometrium and host peritoneal tissues. We hypothesized that disruption of this interaction would suppress endometriotic lesion formation. We hoped to delineate the molecular and cellular dialogue between ectopic human endometrium and peritoneal tissues(More)
RATIONALE Phosphodiesterase Type 5 (PDE5) inhibition represents a novel strategy for the treatment of pulmonary hypertension. OBJECTIVES Our aim was to establish the distribution of PDE5 in the pulmonary vasculature and effects of PDE5 inhibition on pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs). METHODS AND MEASUREMENTS PDE5 expression was examined by(More)
Microbial life inhabits deeply buried marine sediments, but the extent of this vast ecosystem remains poorly constrained. Here we provide evidence for the existence of microbial communities in ~40° to 60°C sediment associated with lignite coal beds at ~1.5 to 2.5 km below the seafloor in the Pacific Ocean off Japan. Microbial methanogenesis was indicated by(More)
Total organic carbon (TOC) content of marine sediments represents residual carbon, originally derived from terrestrial and marine sources, which has survived seafloor and shallow subseafloor diagenesis. Ultimately, its preservation below the sulfate reduction zone in marine sediments drives methanogenesis. Within the gas hydrate stability zone (GHSZ),(More)
New N-(1,2-diphenylethyl)piperazines 6 are disclosed as dual serotonin and noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors (SNRI) which may have potential in treating stress urinary incontinence (SUI). In this Letter, we present new data for SNRI PF-526014 (4) including performance in a canine in vivo model of SUI, cardiovascular assessment, pharmacokinetics in dog and(More)
The capsaicin-, heat-, and proton-activated ion channel TRPV1, a member of the transient receptor potential cation channel family is a polymodal nociceptor. For almost a decade, TRPV1 has been explored by the pharmaceutical industry as a potential target for example for pain conditions. Antagonists which block TRPV1 activation by capsaicin, heat, and(More)
BACKGROUND Women with endometriosis have elevated levels of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in peritoneal macrophages and endometriotic tissue. Inhibition of COX-2 has been shown to reduce inflammation, angiogenesis and cellular proliferation. It may also downregulate aromatase activity in ectopic endometrial lesions. Ectopic endometrial establishment and growth(More)
The structure-activity relationship and the synthesis of novel N-[(3S)-pyrrolidin-3-yl]benzamides as dual serotonin and noradrenaline monoamine reuptake inhibitors (SNRI) is described. Preferred compound 9 aka PF-184,298 is a potent SNRI with good selectivity over dopamine reuptake inhibition (DRI), good in vitro metabolic stability, weak CYP inhibition and(More)