Stephen C. Cain

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A statistical algorithm has been developed to compensate for the fixed-pattern noise associated with spatial nonuniformity and temporal drift in the response of focal-plane array infrared imaging systems. The algorithm uses initial scene data to generate initial estimates of the gain, the offset, and the variance of the additive electronic noise of each(More)
A computationally efficient method for image registration is investigated that can achieve an improved performance over the traditional two-dimensional (2-D) cross-correlation-based techniques in the presence of both fixed-pattern and temporal noise. The method relies on transforming each image in the sequence of frames into two vector projections formed by(More)
A Cramer-Rao lower bound on the range accuracy obtainable by a Flash light detection and ranging (LADAR) system receiving a return from a single surface in the instantaneous field of view of each detector is developed and verified with experimental data. The bound is compared to the performance of a new algorithm and that of a matched filter receiver by(More)
A maximum likelihood blind deconvolution algorithm is derived for incoherent polarimetric imagery using expectation maximization. In this approach, the unpolarized and fully polarized components of the scene are estimated along with the corresponding angles of polarization and channel point spread functions. The scene state of linear polarization is(More)
During the process of microscanning a controlled vibrating mirror typically is used to produce subpixel shifts in a sequence of forward-looking infrared (FLIR) images. If the FLIR is mounted on a moving platform, such as an aircraft, uncontrolled random vibrations associated with the platform can be used to generate the shifts. Iterative techniques such as(More)
An enhanced material-classification algorithm using turbulence-degraded polarimetric imagery is presented. The proposed technique improves upon an existing dielectric/metal material-classification algorithm by providing a more detailed object classification. This is accomplished by redesigning the degree-of-linear-polarization priors in the(More)
A laser-illuminating imaging system operating in the presence of atmospheric turbulence will encounter several sources of noise and diffraction induced errors that can make postprocessing the images difficult. As the beam propagates, turbulence induced tilt will cause the beam to wander off axis from the target. This is especially troublesome in imaging(More)