Stephen Byrne

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In this paper we aim to show how probabilistic prediction of a continuous variable could be more beneficial to a medical practitioner than classification or numeric/point prediction of the same variable in many scenarios. We introduce a probability density forecasting model that produces accurate estimates and achieves statistically consistent predicted(More)
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are increasingly becoming the DNA marker system of choice due to their prevalence in the genome and their ability to be used in highly multiplexed genotyping assays. Although needed in high numbers for genome-wide marker profiles and genomics-assisted breeding, a surprisingly low number of validated SNPs are currently(More)
PURPOSE Screening tool of older people's prescriptions (STOPP) and screening tool to alert to right treatment (START) criteria were first published in 2008. Due to an expanding therapeutics evidence base, updating of the criteria was required. METHODS We reviewed the 2008 STOPP/START criteria to add new evidence-based criteria and remove any obsolete(More)
Genotyping-by-Sequencing (GBS) is an excellent tool for characterising genetic variation between plant genomes. To date, its use has been reported only for genotyping of single individuals. However, there are many applications where resolving allele frequencies within populations on a genome-wide scale would be very powerful, examples include the breeding(More)
BACKGROUND Perennial ryegrass is a highly heterozygous outbreeding grass species used for turf and forage production. Heterozygosity can affect de-Bruijn graph assembly making de novo transcriptome assembly of species such as perennial ryegrass challenging. Creating a reference transcriptome from a homozygous perennial ryegrass genotype can circumvent the(More)
The use of ensembles in machine learning (ML) has had a considerable impact in increasing the accuracy and stability of predictors. This increase in accuracy has come at the cost of comprehensibility as, by definition, an ensemble model is considerably more complex than its component models. This is of significance for decision support systems in medicine(More)
OBJECTIVES To explore healthcare professionals' views of antibiotic prescribing in long-term care facilities (LTCFs). To use the findings to recommend intervention strategies for antimicrobial stewardship in LTCFs. DESIGN Qualitative semistructured interviews were conducted. The data were analysed by thematic content analysis. After the interviews, the(More)
Perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) produces high levels of fructans as a mixture of oligosaccharides and polysaccharides with different degrees of polymerization (DP). The present study describes the analysis of the compositional changes in the full spectrum of fructans, fructan distribution between above ground biomass (top) and the roots, and the(More)
BACKGROUND Information about antibiotic prescribing practice in primary care is not available for Ireland, unlike other European countries. The study aimed to ascertain the types of antibiotics and the corresponding conditions seen in primary care and whether general practitioners (GPs) felt that an antibiotic was necessary at the time of consultation. This(More)
Genomic selection (GS) has become a commonly used technology in animal breeding. In crops, it is expected to significantly improve the genetic gains per unit of time. So far, its implementation in plant breeding has been mainly investigated in species farmed as homogeneous varieties. Concerning crops farmed in family pools, only a few theoretical studies(More)