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PURPOSE Screening tool of older people's prescriptions (STOPP) and screening tool to alert to right treatment (START) criteria were first published in 2008. Due to an expanding therapeutics evidence base, updating of the criteria was required. METHODS We reviewed the 2008 STOPP/START criteria to add new evidence-based criteria and remove any obsolete(More)
OBJECTIVE Older people experience more concurrent illnesses, are prescribed more medications and suffer more adverse drug events than younger people. Many drugs predispose older people to adverse events such as falls and cognitive impairment, thus increasing morbidity and health resource utilization. At the same time, older people are often denied(More)
WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN ABOUT THIS SUBJECT * Potentially inappropriate prescribing in older people is a well-documented problem and has been associated with adverse drug reactions and hospitalization. * Beers' criteria, Screening Tool of Older Persons' potentially inappropriate Prescriptions (STOPP) and Screening Tool to Alert doctors to Right Treatment(More)
BACKGROUND Elderly patients are particularly vulnerable to inappropriate prescribing, with increased risk of adverse drug reactions and consequently higher rates of morbidity and mortality. A large proportion of inappropriate prescribing is preventable by adherence to prescribing guidelines, suitable monitoring and regular medication review. As a result,(More)
We use high content cell analysis, live cell fluorescent imaging, and transmission electron microscopy approaches combined with inhibitors of cellular transport and nuclear import to conduct a systematic study of the mechanism of interaction of nonfunctionalized quantum dots (QDs) with live human blood monocyte-derived primary macrophages and cell lines of(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to evaluate the extent to which patient-related factors and physicians' country of practice (Northern Ireland [NI] and the Republic of Ireland [RoI]) influenced decision making regarding medication use in patients with end-stage dementia. METHODS The study utilised a factorial survey design comprising four vignettes to evaluate(More)
BACKGROUND adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are a major cause of morbidity and healthcare utilisation in older people. The GerontoNet ADR risk score aims to identify older people at risk of ADRs during hospitalisation. We aimed to assess the clinical applicability of this score and identify other variables that predict ADRs in hospitalised older people. (More)
INTRODUCTION The aim of this study was to compare the characteristics of patients who completed (completers) inpatient treatment of drug dependence with those who failed to complete this programme (noncompleters). METHOD Participants were assessed at admission using the Substance Abuse Assessment Questionnaire (SAAQ) to obtain information about the(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine whether use of the Screening Tool of Older Persons' Prescriptions (STOPP) and Screening Tool to Alert to Right Treatment (START) criteria reduces incident hospital-acquired adverse drug reactions (ADRs), 28-day medication costs, and median length of hospital stay in older adults admitted with acute illness. DESIGN Single-blind(More)
BACKGROUND Antibiotics are widely believed to be overused and misused. Approximately 80% of all prescriptions for antibiotics are written by GPs. There are many external factors that influence a GP's decision to prescribe, including patient pressure. Access to primary care services operates on a two-tier system in the Republic of Ireland: General Medical(More)