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This article examines the degree to which relationships between social capital and health are embedded in local geographical contexts and influenced by demographic factors, socio-economic status, health behaviours and coping skills. Using data from a telephone survey of a random sample of adults (N=1504 respondents, response rate=60%), the article(More)
Although access to health care is frequently identified as a goal for health care policy, the precise meaning of access to health care often remains unclear. We present a conceptual framework that defines access to health care as the empowerment of an individual to use health care and as a multidimensional concept based on the interaction (or degree of fit)(More)
In an attempt to limit its health care expenditures, Ontario is, as one option, exploring the possibilities of a capitated system for service delivery payments as opposed to the present mixture of global budgets and fee-for-service. After reviewing the literatures on capitation (primarily American) and on resource allocation (primarily British), the paper(More)
In this paper we consider whether methods currently used to measure utility of health outcomes are consistent with the equity criteria adopted by researchers. We show that unless the chosen equity criterion is incorporated in the design of the measurement instrument, the derived health state utilities are inconsistent with the equity criterion (except under(More)
The main objective of this paper is to determine whether the distribution of hospital service utilization corresponds to the distribution of needs within Canada. This is accomplished by identifying the factors affecting the relationship between the incidence and quantity of hospital services and self-assessed need for such care in Canada. The data were(More)
OBJECTIVES The scaling up of antiretroviral treatment (ART) for HIV-infected adults requires a sizeable investment of resources in the South African public health care system. It is important that these resources are used productively and in ways that reach those in need, irrespective of social status or personal characteristics. In this study we evaluate(More)
BACKGROUND The importance of recruiting and retaining women from diverse populations is well recognized; however, the recruitment process often presents greater challenges at higher costs than initially anticipated. OBJECTIVES To describe recruitment strategies and costs from a study evaluating women's preferences regarding tamoxifen use for primary(More)
INTRODUCTION South Africa has the world's largest antiretroviral treatment (ART) programme. While services in the public sector are free at the point of use, little is known about overall access barriers. This paper explores these barriers from the perspective of ART users enrolled in services in two rural and two urban settings. METHODS Using a(More)
  • S Birch
  • 1986
The further increases in National Health Service (NHS) patient charges introduced on 1 April 1985 represent a continuation of the Government's policy of requiring all except priority groups to pay an increasing proportion of the cost of their own treatment. Reductions in the use of the services on which charges are imposed would be incompatible with the(More)
In response to the UK Government's proposal to increase the proportion of general practitioner income accruing from capitation payments the General Medical Services Committee of the British Medical Association has called for an extension of fee for item of service provision in general practice. In this paper the allocation of resources in primary care(More)