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This article offers a critical examination and reassessment of the history of CALL, and argues for three new categories—Restricted, Open and Integrated CALL. It offers definitions and description of the three approaches and argues that they allow a more detailed analysis of institutions and classrooms than earlier analyses. It is suggested that we are(More)
Over the last few decades the international dimension of higher education has grown significantly as internationalization has become a strategic goal for many governments. Students on the move worldwide reached five million in 2015 and their number is increasing at a rate of 10% each year. Many of these students need to develop proficiency in the language(More)
the study investigated the cognitive validity of the GEPT High-Intermediate and Advanced Reading Tests using eye tracking technology and stimulated recall procedures. The study provides empirical evidence for the cognitive validity of the GEPT High-Intermediate and Advanced Reading Tests. The GEPT, developed more than a decade ago by the LTTC to serve as a(More)
The intriguing 15 th century Voynich manuscript has often been called " the most mysterious manuscript in the world ". Filled with beguiling images of plants, stars, and strange designs and people, the manuscript has perplexed readers for centuries. We know nothing about its purpose, origin, or authorship. It has been called by the New York Times the 'white(More)
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