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OBJECTIVE The aims of this research were (a) to study the interrater reliability of a posture observation method, (b) to test the impact of different posture categorization systems on interrater reliability, and (c) to provide guidelines for improving interrater reliability. BACKGROUND Estimation of posture through observation is challenging. Previous(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to assess prevalence, incidence, and persistence of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) and associated symptoms over a one-year period in a working population. METHODS We conducted a one-year prospective study of 418 active workers in 12 worksites. Detailed health interviews, psychosocial questionnaires, and(More)
BACKGROUND Few large epidemiologic studies have used rigorous case criteria, individual-level exposure measurements, and appropriate control for confounders to examine associations between workplace psychosocial and biomechanical factors and carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). METHODS Pooling data from five independent research studies, we assessed associations(More)
The aims of the present study were: (1) to collect normative data of pinch and power grip strength with a newer digital dynamometer; (2) to study the ability of hand grip force matching using a hand dynamometer where the validity and reliability issues were studied; and (3) to study the relationship between hand grip force matching and muscle activities of(More)
Six different methods to calculate the Strain Index (SI) scores for jobs with multiple forces/tasks were developed. Exposure data of 733 subjects from 12 different worksites were used to calculate these SI scores. Results show that using different SI computation methods could result in different SI scores, hence different risk level classifications.(More)
BACKGROUND Between 2001 and 2010, five research groups conducted coordinated prospective studies of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) incidence among US workers from various industries and collected detailed subject-level exposure information with follow-up of symptoms, electrophysiological measures and job changes. OBJECTIVE This analysis examined the(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze differences in carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) prevalence using a combination of electrodiagnostic studies (EDSs) and symptoms using EDS criteria varied across a range of cutpoints and compared with symptoms in both ≥1 and ≥2 median nerve-served digits. DESIGN Pooled data from 5 prospective cohorts. SETTING Hand-intensive industrial(More)
BACKGROUND Between 2001 and 2010, six research groups conducted coordinated multiyear, prospective studies of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) incidence in US workers from various industries and collected detailed subject-level exposure information with follow-up symptom, physical examination, electrophysiological measures and job changes. OBJECTIVE This(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this prospective study is to investigate the exposure-response relationships between various workplace physical exposures of force, repetition, and their combination assessed at an individual level with lateral epicondylitis (LE). BACKGROUND Workplace upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders (UEMSDs) are prevalent, disabling,(More)
An exposure measurement approach is described for quantifying repetitive hand activity of individual workers in a prospective epidemiological study on work-related upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders. A total of 733 subjects were involved in this study at the baseline. Hand activities were quantified by force and repetition. Force levels were measured(More)