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Fall-sown barley will be increasingly important in the era of climate change due to higher yield potential and efficient use of water resources. Resistance/tolerance to abiotic stresses will be critical, and foremost among the abiotic stresses is low temperature. Simultaneous gene discovery and breeding will accelerate the development of agronomically(More)
Cultivated rye (Secale cereale L., 2n = 2x = 14, RR) is an important source of genes for insect and disease resistance in wheat (Triticum aestivum L., 2n = 6x = 42). Rye chromosome arm 1RS of S. cereale 'Kavkaz' originally found as a 1BL.1RS translocation, carries genes for disease resistance (e.g., Lr26, Sr31, Yr9, and Pm8), while 1RS of the S. cereale(More)
The enzyme activity of polyphenol oxidase (PPO) in grain is regarded as a major factor in time-dependent darkening and discoloration of wheat food products during processing or storage. The darkening phenomena of products reduce the quality of products and affect consumer acceptance. Breeding wheat cultivars with low PPO activity is the best way to reduce(More)
One of the major constraints in winter wheat production is the occurrence of yield-reducing diseases during the growing season. The most common foliar diseases of winter wheat in Nebraska are leaf rust (Puccinia triticina), tan spot (Pyrenophora tritici-repentis) (ana-morph: Drechslera tritici-repentis), and spot blotch (Cochliobolus sa-tivus) (anamorph:(More)
The germplasm sources of common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) are eroded by selection pressures applied by plant breeders and the disappearance of landraces. The erosion causes a loss of potentially useful resistance genes, among other agronomic and quality genes. Continuously changing pathogen races and insect biotypes affecting the Great Plains requires(More)
OBJECTIVE Blocking the TRPV1 receptor is an interesting approach for the treatment of sensitive skin. Here we investigated the potential of grifolin derivatives from Albatrellus ovinus to act as TRPV1 receptor blockers and their potential to serve as cosmetic active ingredients. METHODS Binding characteristics of grifolin derivatives from Albatrellus(More)
Genetic diversity of wheat cultivars from Turkey and the Great Plains was studied under the hypothesis 'Turkey' wheat originated from Turkey and is the original hard red winter wheat landrace in the Great Plains. Wheat cultivars in Turkey and the Great Plains were selected for adaptation in two countries which were similar in climate. Twenty-two Turkish and(More)
Drought at pre-anthesis stages can influence barley growth and results in yield losses. Therefore, it is important to understand how drought at pre-anthesis can affect different traits associated with yield reduction in barley. The objective of this study was to understand the relevance of the genetic background of major flowering time genes in barley(More)