Learn More
Growing evidence suggests that phosphoinositides play an important role in membrane traffic. A polyphosphoinositide phosphatase, synaptojanin 1, was identified as a major presynaptic protein associated with endocytic coated intermediates. We report here that synaptojanin 1-deficient mice exhibit neurological defects and die shortly after birth. In neurons(More)
A central feature of Salmonella pathogenicity is the bacterium's ability to enter into non-phagocytic cells. Bacterial internalization is the consequence of cellular responses characterized by Cdc42- and Rac-dependent actin cytoskeleton rearrangements. These responses are triggered by the co-ordinated function of bacterial proteins delivered into the host(More)
Saiardi et al. (Saiardi, A., Erdjument-Bromage, H., Snowman, A., Tempst, P., and Snyder, S. H. (1999) Curr. Biol. 9, 1323-1326) previously described the cloning of a kinase from yeast and two kinases from mammals (types 1 and 2), which phosphorylate inositol hexakisphosphate (InsP(6)) to diphosphoinositol pentakisphosphate, a "high energy" candidate(More)
Ins(1,3,4,5,6)P5 and InsP6 comprise the bulk of the inositol phosphate content of mammalian cells, but their intracellular functions are unknown. Until recently it seemed that these compounds were metabolically lethargic; this has diverted attention away from their possible role in short-term regulation of physiological processes. Interest in the idea that(More)
Diphosphoinositol pentakisphosphate (PP-InsP5 or 'InsP7') and bisdiphosphoinositol tetrakisphosphate ([PP]2-InsP4 or 'InsP8') are the most highly phosphorylated members of the inositol-based cell signaling family. We have purified a rat hepatic diphosphoinositol polyphosphate phosphohydrolase (DIPP) that cleaves a beta-phosphate from the diphosphate groups(More)
The diphosphoinositol polyphosphates ("inositol pyrophosphates") are a specialized subgroup of the inositol phosphate signaling family. This review proposes that many of the current data concerning the metabolic turnover and biological effects of the diphosphoinositol polyphosphates are linked by a common theme: these polyphosphates act as metabolic(More)
Previous structural analyses of diphosphoinositol polyphosphates in biological systems have relied largely on NMR analysis. For example, in Dictyostelium discoideum, diphosphoinositol pentakisphosphate was determined by NMR to be 4- and/or 6-PPInsP5, and the bisdiphosphoinositol tetrakisphosphate was found to be 4, 5-bisPPInsP4 and/or 5,6-bisPPInsP4(More)
In countries where adulthood is considered to be attained at age eighteen, 2011 can be the point at which the diphosphoinositol polyphosphates might formally be described as "coming of age", since these molecules were first fully defined in 1993 (Menniti et al., 1993; Stephens et al., 1993b). But from a biological perspective, these polyphosphates cannot(More)
Multiple inositol polyphosphate phosphatase (Minpp1) metabolizes inositol 1,3,4,5,6-pentakisphosphate (InsP(5)) and inositol hexakisphosphate (InsP(6)) with high affinity in vitro. However, Minpp1 is compartmentalized in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) lumen, where access of enzyme to these predominantly cytosolic substrates in vivo has not previously been(More)
Ins(1,4,5)P(3) is a classical intracellular messenger: stimulus-dependent changes in its levels elicits biological effects through its release of intracellular Ca(2+) stores. The Ins(1,4,5)P(3) response is "switched off" by its metabolism to a range of additional inositol phosphates. These metabolites have themselves come to be collectively described as a(More)