Stephen B. Johnson

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Methods. For a term W that represents multiple UMLS concepts, a collection of MEDLINE abstracts that contain W is extracted. For each abstract in the collection, occurrences of concepts that have relations with W as defined in the UMLS are automatically identified. A sense-tagged corpus, in which senses of W are annotated, is then derived based on those(More)
Many interventions to improve the success of information technology (IT) implementations are grounded in behavioral science, using theories, and models to identify conditions and determinants of successful use. However, each model in the IT literature has evolved to address specific theoretical problems of particular disciplinary concerns, and each model(More)
Medical scientists and public health policy makers are increasingly concerned that the scientific discoveries of the past generation are failing to be translated efficiently into tangible human benefit. This concern has generated several initiatives, including the Clinical Research Roundtable at the Institute of Medicine, which first convened in June 2000.(More)
The conduct of translational health research has become a vital national enterprise. However, multiple barriers prevent the effective translation of basic science discoveries into clinical and community practice. New information technology (IT) applications could help address these barriers. Unfortunately, owing to a combination of organizational,(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to design and validate a reliable instrument to assess the quality of physician documentation. DESIGN Adjectives describing clinician attitudes about high-quality clinical documentation were gathered through literature review, assessed by clinical experts, and transformed into a semantic differential scale. Using the scale,(More)
The use of conceptual knowledge collections or structures within the biomedical domain is pervasive, spanning a variety of applications including controlled terminologies, semantic networks, ontologies, and database schemas. A number of theoretical constructs and practical methods or techniques support the development and evaluation of conceptual knowledge(More)
Medical language processing (MLP) systems rely on specialized lexicons in order to recognize, classify, and normalize medical terminology, and the performance of an MLP system is dependent on the coverage and quality of such lexicons. However, the acquisition of lexical knowledge is expensive and time-consuming. The UMLS is a comprehensive resource that can(More)
At Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center, free-text "Signout" notes are typed into the electronic record by clinicians for the purpose of cross-coverage. We plan to "unlock" information about adverse events contained in these notes in a subsequent project using Natural Language Processing (NLP). To better understand the requirements for parsing, Signout(More)
With the growing use of Natural Language Processing (NLP) techniques as solutions in Medical Informatics, the need to quickly and efficiently create the knowledge structures used by these systems has grown concurrently. Automatic discovery of a lexicon for use by an NLP system through machine learning will require information about the syntax of medical(More)