Stephen B. Coade

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1. After decreasing muscle ATP by a 2 min period of intense exercise, we have studied purine metabolism by using high-pressure liquid chromatography. 2. A major increase in hypoxanthine concentration in plasma and urine was found with increases in xanthine and, in plasma, inosine. Erythrocyte hypoxanthine rose with the level in plasma, but there was no(More)
The effects of bradykinin and ATP on L-arginine transport and nitric oxide (NO) production were studied in porcine aortic endothelial cells cultured and perfused on microcarriers and deprived of L-arginine for 24 h. Stimulation of cells with bradykinin (100 nM) or ATP (100 microM) resulted in a rapid increase in L-arginine uptake and NO release. In the(More)
Biologically active concentrations of potently vasoactive and platelet-active adenine nucleotides are generated in plasma by a variety of pathophysiological mechanisms. Although there is evidence that ATP and ADP are inactivated by endothelial ectonucleotidases, there has been little attempt to study the metabolic routes of their catabolism in blood or to(More)
ATP, ADP and AMP in concentrations at least 1 mumol/l have been found by high pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) in plasma from peripheral venous blood. Total adenine nucleotide concentrations of about 15-20 mumol/l can be found in some conventional clinical samples of blood using EDTA as an anticoagulant. EDTA prevented adenine nucleotide conversion to(More)
We have used the rat isolated, perfused heart to study the metabolism of adenine nucleotides on a single passage through the coronary circulation. Low doses (3-30 nmol) of ATP, ADP, or AMP injected as a bolus were extensively catabolized by ectoenzymes. Increasing doses of each nucleotide demonstrated saturability of catabolism that occurred at(More)
In order to study the effects of raising the hypoxanthine concentration in plasma on its metabolism and renal handling, the effects of intense exercise have been investigated in a patient with xanthine oxidase deficiency. Despite the 90-fold increased concentration of hypoxanthine in plasma above resting levels in normal individuals, the intracellular(More)
This study on human neutrophils was conducted to measure the kinetics of degranulation of the different cytoplasmic granules into phagocytic vacuoles, and to relate the timing of these events to the burst of respiration that accompanies phagocytosis by these cells. Purified neutrophils were incubated with latex particles opsonized with human immunoglobulin(More)
Nucleotides, nucleosides and purine bases in trichloroacetic acid extracts of freeze clamped samples of human placenta have been measured by high-pressure liquid chromatography. The concentrations of the nucleotides concerned with energy transduction, ATP, ADP and AMP, and especially the energy charge, are stable over periods of ischaemia of 30 min.(More)
The effects of ischaemia on adenylate energy charge of tissues from fetal rats and fetal guinea pigs were measured. Adult rat and guinea-pig tissues, as well as human placentae, were also studied. The largest differences observed were between the fetuses from different pregnant animals (P = 4.74 X 10(-15). Reductions in energy charge in placentae were(More)