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Maximum likelihood inference of geographic range evolution by dispersal, local extinction, and cladogenesis.
The DEC model is sufficiently similar to character models that it might serve as a gateway through which many existing comparative methods for characters could be imported into the realm of historical biogeography; moreover, it might inspire the conceptual expansion of character models toward inclusion of evolutionary change as directly coincident with cladogenesis events. Expand
Broad phylogenomic sampling improves resolution of the animal tree of life
This data reinforce several previously identified clades that split deeply in the animal tree, unambiguously resolve multiple long-standing issues for which there was strong conflicting support in earlier studies with less data, and provide molecular support for the monophyly of molluscs, a group long recognized by morphologists. Expand
Phyutility: a phyloinformatics tool for trees, alignments and molecular data
Phyutility provides a set of phyloinformatics tools for summarizing and manipulating phylogenetic trees, manipulating molecular data and retrieving data from NCBI, able to handle large datasets with an integrated database. Expand
The Genome of the Ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi and Its Implications for Cell Type Evolution
The genome of the ctenophore the warty comb jelly or sea walnut, Mnemiopsis leidyi, is sequenced and it is concluded that c tenophores alone, not sponges or the clade consisting of both ctenphores and cnidarians, are the most basal extant animals. Expand
Rates of speciation and morphological evolution are correlated across the largest vertebrate radiation.
It is demonstrated that rates of species diversification are highly correlated with the rate of body size evolution across the 30,000+ living species of ray-finned fishes that comprise the majority of vertebrate biological diversity. Expand
The Origins of C4 Grasslands: Integrating Evolutionary and Ecosystem Science
A synthesis of grass evolutionary biology with grassland ecosystem science will further knowledge of the evolution of traits that promote dominance in grassland systems and will provide a new context in which to evaluate the relative importance of C4 photosynthesis in transforming ecosystems across large regions of Earth. Expand
An uncorrelated relaxed-clock analysis suggests an earlier origin for flowering plants
We present molecular dating analyses for land plants that incorporate 33 fossil calibrations, permit rates of molecular evolution to be uncorrelated across the tree, and take into accountExpand
Resolving the evolutionary relationships of molluscs with phylogenomic tools
Molluscs (snails, octopuses, clams and their relatives) have a great disparity of body plans and, among the animals, only arthropods surpass them in species number. This diversity has made MolluscaExpand
Synthesis of phylogeny and taxonomy into a comprehensive tree of life
This study is the first, to the knowledge, to apply an efficient and automated process for assembling published trees into a complete tree of life, and presents a draft tree containing 2.3 million tips—the Open Tree of Life. Expand
Species Selection Maintains Self-Incompatibility
It is shown that in the nightshade plant family (Solanaceae), species with functional self-incompatibility diversify at a significantly higher rate than those without it, and the apparent short-term advantages of potentially self-fertilizing individuals are offset by strong species selection, which favors obligate outcrossing. Expand