Stephen A. Yarrow

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The presence of benzyladenine or naphthaleneacetic acid in seed germination medium markedly enhanced subsequent shoot regeneration from the base of the excised cotyledon explants of Brassica rapa cv. Horizon. Cotyledon explants from younger seedlings (3 or 4-day old) produced more shoots than those from older seedlings. Addition of the ethylene inhibitor(More)
Conditions favourable to embryogenesis from isolated microspores of Brassica rapa L. ssp. oleifera (canola quality) were identified. A population with enhanced responsiveness for microspore embryogenesis (C200) was synthesized by crossing individual plants showing microspore embryogenic potential. For optimal microspore embryogenesis, buds (2–3mm in length,(More)
Protoplast fusion was used to combine cytoplasmic triazine resistance (ctr) and Polima type cytoplasmic male sterility (cms) in Brassica napus. The cybrids produced constitute the major biological input required for the production of commercial single-cross hybrid rapeseed bearing cytoplasmic triazine resistance. The results also indicate that Polima cms is(More)
Protoplasts of several spring and winter varieties of Brassica napus were isolated from hypocotyl tissue. Protoplasts divided and formed cell colonies at high frequency, without browning when cultured in modified Shepards' medium. This high efficiency of proliferation was sustained through to plant regeneration with all varieties cultured. This has been(More)
Protoplast fusion was utilised to transfer Polima type cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) from Brassica napus, canola cv. Polima Karat (Pol-Karat) to B. oleracea, broccoli, var. “Green Comet”. Southern and RFLP analysis confirmed that four cybrids possessed nuclear genomes of broccoli with Polima mitochondria and chloroplasts. A fifth cybrid was a nuclear(More)
Cytoplasmic triazine tolerance and cytoplasmic male sterility traits were combined in the nuclear genomic background of the Brassica napus variety ‘Regent’, following protoplast fusion, selection of fusion products by manual micro-manipulation, and culture in a Nicotiana tabacum nurse system. Whole plant cybrid regenerants were morphologically normal and(More)
Cultured protoplasts from cell suspensions of Pelargonium aridum, P.x hortorum and P. peltatum divided and formed callus. On agar-solidified regenerative medium, such protoplast-derived calli (p-calli) underwent plant regeneration at frequencies approaching 100% for P. aridum and 10% for P.x hortorum. Under similar conditions shoot primordia arose in 5% of(More)
Over 400 Brassica napus plants regenerated from individual protoplasts, from protoplast fusions and from anther culture were analysed for chloroplast and mitochondrial genome rearrangements by restriction fragment length polymorphisms. None were detected, attesting to the fidelity of the tissue culture procedures employed. In the majority of protoplast(More)
Brassica napus cybrid plants which contain novel nucleus-mitochondria-chloroplast combinations have been constructed, via protoplast fusion. Such fusions resulted in mitochondrial DNA plasmids being lost (at a frequency of 12.5%) or, more surprisingly, being transferred from mitochondria of one protoplast population to mitochondria of the other population(More)
Protoplast fusion produces cells that contain a mixture of the DNA-containing organelles (nuclei, chloroplasts, and mitochondria) from both fusion parents. This chapter describes the production of rapeseed (B. napus) fusion-product cells where one of the nuclei is eliminated. In the absence of selection pressure, the remaining chloroplast/mitochondrial(More)