Stephen A. Watts

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Carbonic anhydrase (CA) induction in the gills of the euryhaline blue crab, Callinectes sapidus, was measured in response to lowered environmental salinity. Simultaneous measurements of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) activity were made in gills and nonbranchial tissues to determine whether ODC activity and the resultant synthesis of polyamines played a role(More)
Whole body tissue preparations of the Antarctic soft corals Alcyonium paessleri and Clavularia frankliniana were incubated in vitro with the radiolabelled precursors 3H-progesterone and 3H-androstenedione to determine steroidogenic capacity. Steroidal metabolites were identified using TLC, derivitization, and recrystallization techniques. The Antarctic soft(More)
A cDNA library was constructed using poly(A+) RNA isolated from eyestalk neural ganglia of the blue crab, Callinectes sapidus. The library was screened using a probe generated by PCR based on the published amino acid sequence of molt-inhibiting hormone from the shore crab, Carcinus maenas. DNA sequence analysis of one positive clone revealed a 339 bp open(More)
The concentrations of progesterone, testosterone, and estradiol were determined via radioimmunoassay in testes, ovaries, and pyloric caeca of the sea star Asterias vulgaris during one complete and two partial gametogenic cycles. These compounds were found in all tissues examined and were present in quantities similar to those reported previously in other(More)
Levels of progesterone (P4), testosterone (T) and estradiol (E2) indicated significant variation among individual echinoids during the annual cycle, reflecting generally the variation in gamete development that can be observed among individuals. Testosterone and E2 levels in both the ovaries and testes were higher during the period of gonadal growth. Levels(More)
It is accepted that aldehyde-based fixation of cells can affect immunodetection of antigens; however, the effects of tissue processing on immunodetection have not been analyzed systematically. We investigated the effects of aldehyde-based fixation and the various cumulative steps of tissue processing on immunohistochemical detection of specific antigens.(More)
1. Cell-free homogenates of male and female pyloric caeca, body wall, testis and ovary were incubated with radiolabeled 3H-androstenedione. 2. Pyloric caeca had highest rates of androstenedione conversion. The predominant metabolites in the pyloric caeca were testosterone, 5 alpha-androstane-3 beta, 17 beta-diol and 5 beta-androstane-3 beta, 17 beta-diol.(More)
Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in the echinoid Lytechinus variegatus has been characterized. Kinetic parameters V(max), K(m), K(ss), and b were 2594+/-1048 nmol ATCh hydrolyzed/min/mg tissue wet weight, 185+/-11 microM, 308+/-100 mM, and 0.2, respectively for the substrate ATCh and 17.8+/-6.87 nmol BTCh hydrolyzed/min/mg tissue wet weight, 654+/-424 microM,(More)
The need to develop standardized diets to support zebrafish (Danio rerio) research is supported by the knowledge that specific dietary ingredients, nutrients, or antinutritional factors in diets have been shown to affect development and growth of adult D. rerio and their offspring. In this study, there were seven dietary treatments consisting of five(More)
The distribution of the elements Cd, Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb, Sr, V and Zn has been examined in the horizons of soils under aged Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carr.) stands at a plantation in Northern England. The stands are under first-generation cultivation and are up to 33 years old. Cadmium, Mn, Pb and Zn concentrations were consistently higher in(More)