Stephen A Steiner

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Nanoporous metal foams (NMFs) have been a long sought-after class of materials in the quest for high-surface-area conductive and catalytic materials. Herein we present an overview of newly developed synthetic strategies for producing NMFs along with an in-depth discussion of combustion synthesis as a versatile and scalable approach for the preparation of(More)
We report that nanoparticulate zirconia (ZrO(2)) catalyzes both growth of single-wall and multiwall carbon nanotubes (CNTs) by thermal chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and graphitization of solid amorphous carbon. We observe that silica-, silicon nitride-, and alumina-supported zirconia on silicon nucleates single- and multiwall carbon nanotubes upon(More)
Hierarchical carbon fibers (CFs) sheathed with radial arrays of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are promising candidates for improving the intra- and interlaminar properties of advanced fiber-reinforced composites (e.g., graphite/epoxy) and for high-surface-area electrodes for battery and supercapacitor architectures. While CVD growth of CNTs on CFs has been(More)
It is well known that applications of a single dose of 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) to mouse ears induces an acute inflammatory reaction consisting of erythema, edema and polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) infiltration. We report here that multiple topical applications of TPA to mouse ears produce a prolonged inflammatory reaction characterized(More)
Drugs which block the biosynthesis of leukotrienes and prostaglandins may have potential in the treatment of psoriasis and other skin diseases. The biochemical and anti-inflammatory activity of 9-phenylnonanohydroxamic acid (BMY 30094) is described. BMY 30094 inhibited human neutrophil 5-lipoxygenase with an IC50 of 5.7 μM. BMY 30094 also blocked human(More)
Activation of a phospholipase A2 (PLA2) is a key step in the production of precursors for the biosynthesis of lipid mediators of inflammation. Inhibition of this enzyme could result in the suppression of three important classes of inflammatory lipids, prostaglandins, leukotrienes and platelet activating factor (PAF), and offers an attractive therapeutic(More)
A study of the effect of monovalent cations on the steady-state kinetic parameters for the hydrolysis of the synthetic substrate N alpha-benzoyl-L-arginine-p-nitroanilide by activated bovine plasma protein C (APC) has been undertaken. The enzyme displayed a strict requirement for monovalent cations in its expression of amidolytic activity toward this(More)
The interaction of monovalent cations with activated bovine plasma protein C (APC) has been examined by kinetic methods, with H-D-phenylalanylpipecolylarginine-p-nitroanilide (S-2238) being employed as the substrate. By use of a kinetic model in which it is assumed that two monovalent cation sites (or classes of sites) need to be occupied for the catalytic(More)
Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) possess an appealing array of physical properties which give them great potential for a growing number of technological applications.1,2 Understanding how to control the synthesis of SWNTs is vital in order to deterministically integrate such nanostructures into various technologies. To date, the most versatile(More)