Learn More
When a vernier target is flanked by optimally positioned lines, foveal vernier discrimination is strongly degraded (Westheimer and Hauske, 1975). We confirmed this observation (Experiment I) and have mapped out a 2 dimensional "perceptive field" for crowding in the fovea using a 2 dot target (Experiment II). Crowding was also measured in peripheral vision,(More)
In an El Niño event, positive SST anomalies usually appear in remote ocean basins such as the South China Sea, the Indian Ocean, and the tropical North Atlantic approximately 3 to 6 months after SST anomalies peak in the tropical Pacific. Ship data from 1952 to 1992 and satellite data from the 1980s both demonstrate that changes in atmospheric circulation(More)
SIR — Interceptive actions, such as hitting a moving target or catching a ball, need to be adequately timed in order to be successful. Because there is a significant time delay in the transmission of information along the visual pathways, there could be a critical difference between the perceptual and actual position of a moving object. Nijhawan 1 proposed(More)
The formulation and simulation characteristics of two new global coupled climate models developed at NOAA's Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (GFDL) are described. The models were designed to simulate atmospheric and oceanic climate and variability from the diurnal time scale through multicentury climate change, given our computational constraints. In(More)
This paper describes the "motion" properties of the amblyopic fovea and compares them to the normal periphery. Specifically, thresholds for detection of the displacement of a grating pattern, and for discrimination of displacement direction were measured. The main findings of these experiments were: in the central vision of both normal and amblyopic(More)
Bisection thresholds were measured as a function of the separation of the lines. For separations of less than 1.5 min, the addition of flanking lines facilitates bisection so that thresholds of less than 1 sec for discriminating the direction of offset could be reliably obtained. For larger separations an interval could be bisected to an accuracy of 1 part(More)
We measured two- and three-line spatial interval and alignment thresholds for a wide range of separations and eccentricities. In order to avoid confounding the role of separation and eccentricity, the test lines were presented on iso-eccentric arcs, with radii between 0.625 and 10 deg. The iso-eccentric paradigm allows separation to be varied over a large(More)
The Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (GFDL) has developed a coupled general circulation model (CM3) for the atmosphere, oceans, land, and sea ice. The goal of CM3 is to address emerging issues in climate change, including aerosol–cloud interactions, chemistry–climate interactions, and coupling between the troposphere and stratosphere. The model is also(More)
When a vernier target is flanked by a pair of optimally positioned flanks, offset discrimination is strongly degraded. Spatial interference with vernier acuity was studied in each eye of observers with unilateral amblyopia associated with strabismus, anisometropia or both, and were compared to the functions obtained in the normal periphery (Levi et al.,(More)
We used Gaussian blurred stimuli to explore the effect of blur on three tasks: (i) 2-line "resolution"; (ii) line detection; and (iii) spatial interval discrimination, in both central and peripheral vision. The results of our experiments can be summarized as follows. (i) 2-Line "resolution": thresholds for pairs of unblurred, low contrast, stimuli are(More)