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Diagnostic quality and adverse reactions associated with metrizamide and iohexol as contrast agents for lumbar myelography were compared in a prospective randomized double-blind study in 350 patients at seven centers. Both contrast media were administered in comparable volumes at a concentration of 180 mg I/ml. Overall quality of radiographic visualization(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE As is the case for CT scans, MR images may occasionally appear deceptively normal unless proper windowing is used. We sought to illustrate the necessity for proper windowing and for assessing the gray-white matter differentiation on diffusion-weighted (DW) images in the setting of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. METHODS Six(More)
An experimentally validated simple standardized method for making precise measurements of the spinal canal directly from the video display of a CT scanner is described. Using this method, normal values for anteroposterior diameter, interpediculate distance, and cross-sectional area of the lumbar spinal canal have been determined in a series of 60 adults. A(More)
The preoperative MR findings in 11 patients, all of whom had developed recurrent low back pain after surgery for herniated lumbar intervertebral disk, were correlated with the surgical findings to determine possible criteria for distinguishing recurrent disk herniation from postoperative scar (extradural fibrosis). The preoperative MR findings agreed with(More)
Post-traumatic leptomeningeal cysts involving the occipital bone are intraosseous lesions which do not erode through the outer table, in contradistinction to leptomeningeal cysts elsewhere in the calvaria. In two of four reported cases, communicating hydrocephalus was associated with the intraosseous cyst. The clinical and radiological findings suggest that(More)
Vertical distraction of the articular processes is an important sign of ligamentous disruption due to flexion injuries of the thoracolumbar spine. In addition to illustrating this finding in cross section (the "naked" facet), computed tomography in the transaxial plane allows assessment of the presence and position of fracture fragments that may encroach on(More)
OBJECTIVE Toxic leukoencephalopathy may present acutely or subacutely with symmetrically reduced diffusion in the periventricular and supraventricular white matter, hereafter referred to as periventricular white matter. This entity may reverse both on imaging and clinically. However, a gathering together of the heterogeneous causes of this disorder as seen(More)
The enamel knot (EK), located in the center of cap-stage tooth germs, is a transitory cluster of non-dividing epithelial cells, eventually linked to the outer dental epithelium by the enamel septum (ES). It might act as a signaling center providing positional information for tooth morphogenesis and could regulate the growth of tooth cusps through the(More)
The development of the lower incisor in the mouse was investigated from histological sections using computer-aided 3D reconstructions. At ED 13.0, the incisor was still at the bud stage. At ED 13.5, the initial cap was delimited by a short cervical loop, the development of which proceeded on the labial side, but was largely retarded on the medial side. This(More)