Stephen A. Kieffer

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Multi-section CT has great potential for use in vascular studies. Our purpose was to determine the accuracy of multi-section CT angiography in detecting cerebral aneurysms compared with digital subtraction angiography or surgery. METHODS One hundred consecutive patients who underwent multi-section CT angiography and either digital(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE As is the case for CT scans, MR images may occasionally appear deceptively normal unless proper windowing is used. We sought to illustrate the necessity for proper windowing and for assessing the gray-white matter differentiation on diffusion-weighted (DW) images in the setting of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. METHODS Six(More)
An experimentally validated simple standardized method for making precise measurements of the spinal canal directly from the video display of a CT scanner is described. Using this method, normal values for anteroposterior diameter, interpediculate distance, and cross-sectional area of the lumbar spinal canal have been determined in a series of 60 adults. A(More)
The aim of this paper was to determine the correlation between calcium burden (expressed as a volume) and extent of stenosis of the origin of the internal carotid artery (ICA) by CT angiography (CTA). Previous studies have shown that calcification in the coronary arteries correlates with significant vessel stenosis, and severe calcification (measured by CT)(More)
Giant cell tumor (GCT) of the sphenoid bone is a relatively rare entity and metachronous multicentric GCT of the sphenoid is even rarer; we are aware of only 3 previous cases in the literature. We describe here a tumor of the sphenoid bone that was identified 15 years after multiple resections of a GCT of the left inferior pubic ramus. Correlation is made(More)
Computed tomographic (CT) myelography subsequent to nonionic water-soluble contrast medium myelography has provided additional diagnostic information for evaluating intraspinal mass lesions. In 20 patients thus studied, there were eight intramedullary tumors, eight intradural extramedullary masses, and four extradural neoplasms. In intramedullary tumors CT(More)
Vertical distraction of the articular processes is an important sign of ligamentous disruption due to flexion injuries of the thoracolumbar spine. In addition to illustrating this finding in cross section (the "naked" facet), computed tomography in the transaxial plane allows assessment of the presence and position of fracture fragments that may encroach on(More)
Lymphomatoid granulomatosis (LA) is a rare angiocentric lymphoreticular proliferative disease that primarily involves the lungs but may also involve extrapulmonary sites including the central nervous system, skin, and kidneys. It is rare for this condition to affect children, and presentation as a cerebellar mass is unusual. In this report, we describe a(More)