Stephen A. Katz

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Different recombinant human erythropoietin products have been developed. Although they appear to have similar pharmacokinetics and function, these have not been directly compared. This randomized, double-blind, four-period crossover study compared the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of intravenous and subcutaneous epoetin alfa and epoetin beta in 18(More)
The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) has been implicated in a variety of adipose tissue functions, including tissue growth, differentiation, metabolism, and inflammation. Although expression of all components necessary for a locally derived adipose tissue RAS has been demonstrated within adipose tissue, independence of local adipose RAS component(More)
Because reactive O2 metabolites have been demonstrated to be potent mediators of vascular dysfunction and are synthesized by lung tissue, their involvement as mediators of oleic acid (OA)-induced pulmonary edema in the isolated Krebs-perfused rabbit lung was assessed. Injection of OA (0.1 ml) into the pulmonary artery after vehicle pretreatment induced(More)
Protein kinase C (PKC), p38 MAP kinase, and mitogen-activated protein kinase-activated kinases 2 and 3 (MAPKAPK2 and MAPKAPK3) have been implicated in ischemic preconditioning (PC) of the heart to reduce damage following a myocardial infarct. This study examined whether extracellular signal-regulated kinase (Erk) 1, p70 ribosomal S6 kinase (p70 S6K), casein(More)
Sweat and household detergents were shown to have the capacity to release nickel from stainless steel. This finding substantiates the thesis that the American-style stainless steel kitchen and other stainless steel commodities can be sources of skin contact allergy with nickel. Furthermore, a negative spot test (DMG) does not reflect the "safety" of a(More)
Whereas adipose tissue possesses a local renin-angiotensin system, the synthesis and regulated release of renin has not been addressed. To that end, we utilized differentiating 3T3-L1 cells and analyzed renin expression and secretion. Renin mRNA expression and protein enzymatic activity were not detectable in preadipocytes. However, upon differentiation,(More)
Sodium nitroprusside (SNP) elicits various physiological effects, in part through generation of the membrane permeable mediator nitric oxide (NO). In the heart, besides its role in regulating contractility, NO is involved in both protection from and induction of cellular damage. The present study investigated the role of SNP in the regulation of the(More)
Agents that interfere with the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) may ameliorate progressive renal injury, particularly in a setting where intrarenal RAS activity appears to be elevated. Whether RAS antagonists affect renal disease progression when intrarenal RAS activity is not increased is unclear. In this study, therefore, the effects of the angiotensin II(More)
Intravenous injection of oleic acid (OA) induces acute, edematous lung injury resembling some of the features of adult respiratory distress syndrome. One class of inflammatory agents speculated to be mediators of acute lung injury are eicosanoids. We tested the hypothesis that 5-lipoxygenase and cyclooxygenase metabolites of arachidonic acid mediate the(More)