Stephen A. Hirsch

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We have defined the expression of the macrophages (m phi)-specific antigen (Ag) F4/80 during differentiation in culture. The progenitor cells-the colony-forming unit in culture and cluster-forming cell-lacked Ag F4/80 but gave rise to colonies of F4/80-positive adherent m phi, as shown by fluorescence-activated cell sorting and clonal assays with L(More)
We have measured growth of West Nile virus in mouse primary peritoneal macrophages (resident, thioglycolate elicited, and Mycobacterium bovis BCG activated) and in macrophagelike (P338D1) and nonmacrophage (L929, PS clone D) cell lines infected in the absence or presence of specific antibodies (immunoglobulin G ([IgG], IgM), and complement. Monoclonal(More)
Monoclonal antibodies have been used to study receptors on the plasma membrane of macrophages, as well as the processes of membrane synthesis, internalization, recycling and macrophage differentiation and activation. Various immunisation and screening procedures have been employed. Most reagents produced so far are not restricted to macrophages in their(More)
A sprain/strain syndrome or "whiplash injury" is the most common cervical injury associated with rear-end impact motor vehicle accidents. This results in a complex injury, often associated with extensive soft tissue injury in the cervical spine. There is additional potential for long term alteration in neurologic, muscular, and skeletal function. Evaluation(More)
The computer has become an important tool in orthopedic practice. Indeed, it is now invaluable and will soon be essential. It is still possible to run an orthopedic office without a computer--just as it is still possible to perform meniscectomy by arthrotomy--but that is not what most of us would do. The computer enhances efficiency, can improve business(More)