Stephen A. Ernst

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Two types of K conductance can be distinguished in the basolateral membranes of polyene-treated colonic epithelial cells (see Germann, W. J., M. E. Lowy, S. A. Ernst, and D. C. Dawson, 1986, Journal of General Physiology, 88:237-251). The significance of these two types of K conductance was investigated by measuring the properties of the basolateral(More)
PURPOSE To determine the presence of a putative inwardly rectifying K(+) channel in bovine corneal endothelial (BCE) cells and to characterize its molecular and electrophysiological properties. METHODS An RT-PCR strategy was used to clone an IRK1 channel sequence from BCE mRNA. Northern blot analysis was used to confirm expression of this sequence in(More)
The denatured catalytic polypeptide of mouse brain (Na+ + K+)-adenosine triphosphatase(ATPase) was separated from microsomal membranes on polyacrylamide gels and used as an immunogen. The antiserum, characterized by immunoblots, recognizes the polypeptide corresponding to the catalytic unit in various fractions of mouse brain and cross-reacts with the(More)
Antiserum to the catalytic subunit of goldfish brain (Na+, K+)-ATPase has been employed at the electron microscopic level by means of the peroxidase-antiperoxidase immunohistochemical method. In optic nerve, antigenic sites are restricted to the nodes of Ranvier. No reaction product is detected in underlying internodal neurolemma. Outgrowing neurites for(More)
A clone encoding mouse brain Na,K-ATPase alpha-subunit was isolated from a mouse brain lambda gt11 cDNA library by using antisera to mouse and bovine brain alpha-subunit. A comparison of the nucleotide sequence of this clone with published sequences of rat brain alpha-subunit isoform clones showed it to be most similar to rat brain alpha 1. An RNA antisense(More)
The possibility that clathrin plays a role in the agonist-mediated sequestration of muscarinic cholinergic receptors in human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells has been investigated by the application of experimental paradigms previously established to perturb clathrin distribution and receptor cycling events. Preincubation of SH-SY5Y cells under hypertonic(More)
Both arginine vasopressin (AVP) and forskolin regulate vectorial Na+ transport across high-resistance epithelia by increasing the Na+ conductance of the apical membrane mediated by amiloride-sensitive Na+ channels. Pretreatment of A6 cells with brefeldin A partially inhibited the increase in Na+ transport in response to forskolin, suggesting recruitment of(More)
We used postembedding electron microscopic immunocytochemistry with colloidal gold to determine the ultrastructural distribution of Na+,K(+)-ATPase in the sciatic and optic nerves of the rat. Using a polyclonal antiserum raised against the denatured catalytic subunit of brain Na+,K(+)-ATPase, we found immunoreactivity along the internodal axolemma of(More)
The localization of Na+-pump sites (Na+-K+-ATPase) in the frog skin epithelium was determined by a freeze-dry radioautographic method for identifying [3H]ouabain-binding sites. Ventral pelvic skins of Rana catesbeiana were mounted in Ussing chambers and exposed to 10(-6) M [3H]ouabain for 120 min, washed in ouabain-free Ringer's solution for 60 min, and(More)
Tomosyn is a cytoplasmic protein that was shown to bind to Syntaxin1 and SNAP-25 through an R-SNARE domain, forming a complex that is almost identical in structure to the neuronal SNARE complex. Tomosyn inhibits exocytosis in various cell types and these effects were attributed to direct competition between tomosyn's SNARE domain and Synaptobrevin/VAMP. In(More)