Stephen A. Ernst

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Notch signaling is known to regulate the proliferation and differentiation of intestinal stem and progenitor cells; however, direct cellular targets and specific functions of Notch signals had not been identified. We show here in mice that Notch directly targets the crypt base columnar (CBC) cell to maintain stem cell activity. Notch inhibition induced(More)
We have used in situ hybridization and immunocytochemistry to characterize the cellular distribution of cystic fibrosis (CF) gene expression in human bronchus. The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regular (CFTR) was primarily localized to cells of submucosal glands in bronchial tissues from non-CF individuals notably in the serous component of the(More)
Rab3 proteins are members of the family of Ras-like monomeric GTP-binding proteins that have been implicated in secretion in neuronal cells. Although an isoform of Rab3 has been assumed to exist in pancreatic acini, its identity has not yet been established. We now report that Rab3D is present in rat pancreatic acini and is localized to the zymogen granule(More)
A cytochemical method for the light and electron microscope localization of the K- and Mg-dependent phosphatase component of the Na-K-ATPase complex was applied to rat kidney cortex, utilizing p-nitrophenylphosphate (NPP) as substrate. Localization of K-N-ATPase activity in kidneys fixed by perfusion with 1% paraformaldehyde -0.25% glutaraldehyde(More)
Amiloride-sensitive Na+ channels are expressed at the apical membrane of high resistance, Na+-transporting epithelial. The specific interaction of amiloride with this transport protein suggested the feasibility of raising anti-Na+ channel antibodies by an antiidiotypic approach designed to generate antibodies directed against the amiloride-binding domain on(More)
To understand the function of pancreatic zymogen granules, we performed a proteomics analysis to identify ZG membrane components. Here we report the identification of Rab27b through this proteomics study and validate its role in granule function. MALDI-MS peptide mass fingerprint was matched to rat Rab27b with 43% sequence coverage, and the identification(More)
Certain euryhaline teleosts can tolerate media of very high salinity, i.e. greater than that of seawater itself. The osmotic gradient across the integument of these fish is very high and the key to their survival appears to be the enhanced ability of the gill to excrete excess NaCl. These fish provide an opportunity to study morphological and biochemical(More)
The localization of Na+-pump sites (Na+-K+-ATPase) in the frog skin epithelium was determined by a freeze-dry radioautographic method for identifying [3H]ouabain-binding sites. Ventral pelvic skins of Rana catesbeiana were mounted in Ussing chambers and exposed to 10(-6) M [3H]ouabain for 120 min, washed in ouabain-free Ringer's solution for 60 min, and(More)
Both arginine vasopressin (AVP) and forskolin regulate vectorial Na+ transport across high-resistance epithelia by increasing the Na+ conductance of the apical membrane mediated by amiloride-sensitive Na+ channels. Pretreatment of A6 cells with brefeldin A partially inhibited the increase in Na+ transport in response to forskolin, suggesting recruitment of(More)