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Volumes of the hippocampal formation, external and internal pallidum, caudate, putamen, and nucleus accumbens were measured in both hemispheres of recently collected post-mortem brains of 18 chronically ill schizophrenics and 21 control subjects. In the schizophrenic group, the hippocampal formation and the internal pallidum were significantly smaller in(More)
The possibility that clathrin plays a role in the agonist-mediated sequestration of muscarinic cholinergic receptors in human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells has been investigated by the application of experimental paradigms previously established to perturb clathrin distribution and receptor cycling events. Preincubation of SH-SY5Y cells under hypertonic(More)
Two types of K conductance can be distinguished in the basolateral membranes of polyene-treated colonic epithelial cells (see Germann, W. J., M. E. Lowy, S. A. Ernst, and D. C. Dawson, 1986, Journal of General Physiology, 88:237-251). The significance of these two types of K conductance was investigated by measuring the properties of the basolateral(More)
PURPOSE To determine the presence of a putative inwardly rectifying K(+) channel in bovine corneal endothelial (BCE) cells and to characterize its molecular and electrophysiological properties. METHODS An RT-PCR strategy was used to clone an IRK1 channel sequence from BCE mRNA. Northern blot analysis was used to confirm expression of this sequence in(More)
The denatured catalytic polypeptide of mouse brain (Na+ + K+)-adenosine triphosphatase(ATPase) was separated from microsomal membranes on polyacrylamide gels and used as an immunogen. The antiserum, characterized by immunoblots, recognizes the polypeptide corresponding to the catalytic unit in various fractions of mouse brain and cross-reacts with the(More)
Antiserum to the catalytic subunit of goldfish brain (Na+, K+)-ATPase has been employed at the electron microscopic level by means of the peroxidase-antiperoxidase immunohistochemical method. In optic nerve, antigenic sites are restricted to the nodes of Ranvier. No reaction product is detected in underlying internodal neurolemma. Outgrowing neurites for(More)
A clone encoding mouse brain Na,K-ATPase alpha-subunit was isolated from a mouse brain lambda gt11 cDNA library by using antisera to mouse and bovine brain alpha-subunit. A comparison of the nucleotide sequence of this clone with published sequences of rat brain alpha-subunit isoform clones showed it to be most similar to rat brain alpha 1. An RNA antisense(More)
One of the problems when providing prelingually deafened children with a cochlear implant is to find the optimal moment for the implantation in order to make optimal use of the sensitive phase in the maturation of the auditory system and to achieve the maximum improvement of hearing. Ontogenetic questions can be investigated in animal experiments under(More)
Both arginine vasopressin (AVP) and forskolin regulate vectorial Na+ transport across high-resistance epithelia by increasing the Na+ conductance of the apical membrane mediated by amiloride-sensitive Na+ channels. Pretreatment of A6 cells with brefeldin A partially inhibited the increase in Na+ transport in response to forskolin, suggesting recruitment of(More)
We used postembedding electron microscopic immunocytochemistry with colloidal gold to determine the ultrastructural distribution of Na+,K(+)-ATPase in the sciatic and optic nerves of the rat. Using a polyclonal antiserum raised against the denatured catalytic subunit of brain Na+,K(+)-ATPase, we found immunoreactivity along the internodal axolemma of(More)