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Axonal projections and neurotransmitters used by commissural interneurons mediating crossed actions of reticulospinal neurons were investigated in adult cats. Eighteen interneurons, located in or close to lamina VIII in midlumbar segments, that were monosynaptically excited by reticulospinal tract fibres and projected to contralateral motor nuclei were(More)
Pathways through which reticulospinal neurons can influence contralateral limb movements were investigated by recording from motoneurons innervating hindlimb muscles. Reticulospinal tract fibers were stimulated within the brainstem or in the lateral funiculus of the thoracic spinal cord contralateral to the motoneurons. Effects evoked by ipsilaterally(More)
Modulatory actions of monoamines were investigated on spinal commissural interneurons which coordinate left-right hindlimb muscle activity through direct projections to the contralateral motor nuclei. Commissural interneurons located in Rexed lamina VIII, with identified projections to the contralateral gastrocnemius-soleus motor nuclei, were investigated(More)
In this review, the authors discuss some recent findings that bear on the issue of recovery of function after corticospinal tract lesions. Conventionally the corticospinal tract is considered to be a crossed pathway, in keeping with the clinical findings that damage to one hemisphere, for example, in stroke, leads to a contralateral paresis and, if the(More)
Dorsal horn interneurons with input from group II muscle spindle afferents are components of networks involved in motor control. Thirteen dorsal horn interneurons with monosynaptic group II input were characterized electrophysiologically and labeled intracellularly with Neurobiotin. Their axonal projections were traced, and neurotransmitter content was(More)
Both reticulo- and vestibulospinal neurons coordinate the activity of ipsilateral and contralateral limb muscles. The aim of this study was to investigate whether their actions on contralateral motoneurons are mediated via common interneurons. Two series of experiments were made on deeply anesthetized cats. First, the effects of stimuli applied within the(More)
The inferior olive climbing fiber projection plays a central role in all major theories of cerebellar function. Therefore, mechanisms that control the ability of climbing fibers to forward information to the cerebellum are of considerable interest. We examined changes in transmission in cerebro-olivocerebellar pathways (COCPs) and spino-olivocerebellar(More)
Spinocerebellar neurones located in the sacral segments of the rat spinal cord have been identified electrophysiologically. The neurones studied were located 0.7-1.1 mm deep to the cord dorsum, lateral and dorsal to the central canal in the medial part of lamina VII. Neurones were identified as spinocerebellar by antidromic activation from the cerebellar(More)
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