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Retigabine is a novel anticonvulsant with an unknown mechanism of action. It has recently been reported that retigabine modulates a potassium channel current in nerve growth factor-differentiated PC12 cells (), however, to date the molecular correlate of this current has not been identified. In the present study we have examined the effects of retigabine on(More)
It is not fully understood how NMDAR-dependent LTD causes Ca(2+)-dependent endocytosis of AMPARs. Here we show that the neuronal Ca(2+) sensor hippocalcin binds the beta2-adaptin subunit of the AP2 adaptor complex and that along with GluR2 these coimmunoprecipitate in a Ca(2+)-sensitive manner. Infusion of a truncated mutant of hippocalcin (HIP(2-72)) that(More)
Neuronal hyperexcitability is a feature of epilepsy and both inflammatory and neuropathic pain. M currents [IK(M)] play a key role in regulating neuronal excitability, and mutations in neuronal KCNQ2/3 subunits, the molecular correlates of IK(M), have previously been linked to benign familial neonatal epilepsy. Here, we demonstrate that KCNQ/M channels are(More)
We have cloned and expressed the full-length human Na(V)1.6 sodium channel cDNA. Northern analysis showed that the hNa(V)1.6 gene, like its rodent orthologues, is abundantly expressed in adult brain but not other tissues including heart and skeletal muscle. Within the adult brain, hNa(V)1.6 mRNA is widely expressed with particularly high levels in the(More)
The interaction between myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG), expressed at the periaxonal membrane of myelin, and receptors on neurons initiates a bidirectional signalling system that results in inhibition of neurite outgrowth and maintenance of myelin integrity. We show that this involves a lipid-raft to lipid-raft interaction on opposing cell membranes.(More)
Synaptic loss represents one of the earliest signs of neuronal damage and is observed within both Alzheimer's disease patients and transgenic mouse models of the disease. We have developed a novel in vitro assay using high content screening technology to measure changes in a number of cell physiological parameters simultaneously within a neuronal(More)
A transgenic mouse bearing mutant transgenes linked to familial forms of Alzheimer's disease (AD) for the amyloid precursor protein and presenilin-1 (TASTPM) showed Abeta plaque deposition and age-related histological changes in associated brain pathology. The Abeta present was of multiple forms, including species with a C-terminus at position 40 or 42, as(More)
The inhibitory activity of myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG) on neurons is thought to contribute to the lack of regenerative capacity of the CNS after injury. The interaction of MAG and its neuronal receptors mediates bidirectional signaling between neurons and oligodendrocytes. The novel finding that an anti-MAG monoclonal antibody not only possesses(More)
The cellular distribution of the type VI human voltage-gated sodium channel (Type VI) was examined in selected human brain regions. Antibodies designed to be specific to rat and human Type VI were raised against a synthetic peptide from the predicted NH2-terminal of the protein, and used for an immunohistochemical investigation. Immunoblot experiments(More)
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