Stephen A. Book

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In view of published results of epidemiologic studies which suggested an association between nitrate in drinking water and human malformations, an assessment of the toxicology of nitrates and nitrites in relation to possible adverse effects on reproduction and development was performed. The current water standard for nitrate is based on protection from(More)
An evaluation was conducted on the human health impacts of elevated levels of selenium in the Kesterson National Wildlife Refuge and its surroundings in Merced County, California. Investigative activities of various agencies were summarized and assessed. Agricultural waste water not intended for human use showed elevated selenium concentrations of up to(More)
Benzene, benzo(a)pyrene (BaP), and lead in mainstream smoke from cigars, roll-your-own (RYO) cigarette and pipe tobaccos were sampled to evaluate their potential health significance. Results with reference cigarettes were consistent with published values, providing support for the methodology employed. The emissions of benzene and BaP, expressed as mass(More)
Twenty female long-tailed macaques received nasogastric intubation of 0-600 micrograms/kg-day L-selenomethionine for up to 30 consecutive days. Selenium ingestion was well tolerated at all dose levels until the second to third week of the study at which time two animals given 600 micrograms/kg-day died. One animal from the 300 micrograms/kg-day group was(More)
  • S A Book
  • 1982
Published data on the toxicity of nitrogen dioxide (as a model compound) from five laboratory animal species were utilized to scale the relationship of dose and toxic effect to the human species. A minute volume of inspired air was used as a metabolic scaling factor, predicting a median lethality during the time of exposure of 174 ppm NO2 for a 1-h exposure(More)
Drinking water contamination by toxic chemicals has become widely recognized as a public health concern since the discovery of 1,2-dibromo-3-chloropropane in California's Central Valley in 1979. Increased monitoring since then has shown that other pesticides and industrial chemicals are present in drinking water. Contaminants of drinking water also include(More)