Stephanie Wrenn Smith

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BACKGROUND Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and central sleep apnea are common in patients with heart failure. We hypothesized that in such patients, severity of OSA is related to overnight rostral leg fluid displacement and increase in neck circumference, severity of central sleep apnea is related to overnight rostral fluid displacement and to sleep Pco(2),(More)
BACKGROUND Rectal diazepam and buccal midazolam are used for emergency treatment of acute febrile and afebrile (epileptic) seizures in children. We aimed to compare the safety and efficacy of these drugs. METHODS A multicentre, randomised controlled trial was undertaken to compare buccal midazolam with rectal diazepam for emergency-room treatment of(More)
In 2002, the world's largest outbreak of neuroinvasive West Nile virus (WNV) disease occurred. Illinois reported 21% of the total cases in the United States, the most among all states. The epidemiology of WNV in Illinois in 2002 was examined to determine factors associated with severe disease and death. A total of 884 cases were identified and there were 66(More)
The addition of capecitabine to docetaxel on a 3-week schedule resulted in superior response rate, increased time to progression (TTP), and improved overall survival in patients with anthracycline-pretreated metastatic breast cancer (MBC). Because the toxicity profile of weekly docetaxel differs from the standard 21-day docetaxel schedule, we performed a(More)
It was recently observed that inclining the body from a supine to upright position improved the performance of high-intensity, constant-load cycling to a larger extent in men than women (Egaña et al. in Eur J Appl Physiol 96:1–9, 2006), although this gender-related effect was based on a small number of men (n  =  5) and women (n  =  5). To explore this(More)
BACKGROUND In June 1998, we investigated one of the largest foodborne outbreaks of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli gastroenteritis reported in the United States. METHODS We conducted cohort studies of 11 catered events to determine risk factors for illness. We used stool cultures, polymerase chain reaction, and serologic tests to determine the etiologic(More)
The effects of different monophasic combinations of ethinyl estradiol and norethindrone on FSH, LH, sex hormone binding globulin, total testosterone, androstenedione, and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate levels in non-obese, non-hirsute women were compared. Retrospective analysis of frozen serum from a prospective randomized trial in which women received one(More)
Developmental dyslexia is associated with functional abnormalities within reading areas of the brain. For some children diagnosed with dyslexia, phonologically based remediation programs appear to rehabilitate brain function in key reading areas (Shaywitz et al., Biological Psychiatry 55: 101-110, 2004; Simos et al., Neuroscience 58: 1203-1213, 2002).(More)
BACKGROUND Stenotrophomonas maltophilia has emerged as a significant nosocomial pathogen with increasing resistance to trimethoprim/sulphamethoxazole (TMP/SMX), the current drug of choice for treatment. OBJECTIVES To describe the microbiological and clinical characteristics of S maltophilia bloodstream infections (BSIs) over an 11-year period at a(More)
IMPORTANCE Despite multiple patient-centered factors being associated with the risk of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV), these factors are rarely considered when making antiemetic recommendations. OBJECTIVE To compare risk model-guided (RMG) antiemetic prophylaxis with physician's choice (PC) in patients receiving chemotherapy for(More)