Stephanie T de Dios

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Diabetes is associated with a high level of mortality due to cardiovascular disease resulting from accelerated coronary artery atherosclerosis. A current focus for investigation of atherosclerotic mechanisms is the vascular endothelium since physical or functional injury may represent an initiating step for atherogenesis. Thiazolidinediones (TZDs) are the(More)
BACKGROUND The proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) is a known response to arterial injury that is an important part of the process of restenosis and atherosclerosis. People with diabetes have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease resulting from accelerated coronary atherosclerosis. The newest drugs for Type 2 diabetes are(More)
OBJECTIVE Vascular endothelium is emerging as a therapeutic target for atherosclerotic macrovascular disease in diabetes using oral hypoglycemic agents with pleiotropic actions. We have addressed whether the thiazolidinedione troglitazone has effects on the endothelial cell response to injury in rat aorta and its interaction with the growth response of(More)
BACKGROUND Inhibition of vascular smooth muscle cell (vSMC) proliferation by oral anti-hyperglycemic agents may have a role to play in the amelioration of vascular disease in diabetes. Thiazolidinediones (TZDs) inhibit vSMC proliferation but it has been reported that they anomalously stimulate [3H]-thymidine incorporation. We investigated three TZDs, two(More)
Thiazolidinediones (TZDs) are PPARgamma ligands and the newest class of agents in routine clinical practice for the treatment of hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes. The prime reason for treating hyperglycemia and related aspects of the metabolic syndrome is to prevent accelerated cardiovascular disease (CVD) in diabetes. The formation and subsequent rupture(More)
PPAR ligands are important effectors of energy metabolism and can modify proteoglycan synthesis by vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). Describing the cell biology of these important clinical agents is important for understanding their full clinical potential, including toxicity. Troglitazone (10 microM) and fenofibrate (30 microM) treatment of VSMCs(More)
The present study aimed to investigate the actions of several classes of oral hypoglycemic agents [e.g., sulfonylureas (SUs), biguanides (BGs) and thiazolidinediones (TZDs)] in an in vitro model of lipid binding based on the "response to retention" hypothesis of atherogenesis. The incorporation of [(35)S]-SO(4) into proteoglycans synthesized by human(More)
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