Stephanie S-I Tseng-Rogenski

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BACKGROUND & AIMS Elevated microsatellite alterations at selected tetranucleotide repeats (EMAST) is the most common DNA mismatch repair defect in colorectal cancers, observed in approximately 60% of specimens. This acquired genotype correlates with metastasis and poor outcomes for patients, and is associated with intra-epithelial inflammation and(More)
Prostaglandin E2, which is known to contribute to cancer progression, is inactivated by the catabolic enzyme, 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase (PGDH), which has tumor-suppressor activity in lung, colon, breast, and gastric cancers. Therefore, we evaluated the expression of PGDH in human bladder cancer tissue specimens and cell lines. Immunoperoxidase(More)
The DHH1 gene in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae encodes a putative RNA helicase of remarkable sequence similarity to several other DExD/H-box proteins, including Xp54 in Xenopus laevis and Ste13p in Schizosaccharomyces pombe. We show here that over-expression of Xp54, an integral component of the stored messenger ribonucleoprotein (mRNP) particles, can(More)
Human DNA mismatch repair (MMR) recognizes and binds 5-fluorouracil (5FU) incorporated into DNA and triggers a MMR-dependent cell death. Absence of MMR in a patient's colorectal tumor abrogates 5FU's beneficial effects on survival. Changes in the tumor microenvironment like low extracellular pH (pHe) may diminish DNA repair, increasing genomic instability.(More)
Methyl-CpG binding domain protein 4 (MBD4) is a DNA glycosylase that can remove 5-fluorodeoxyuracil from DNA as well as repair T:G or U:G mismatches. MBD4 is a target for frameshift mutation with DNA mismatch repair (MMR) deficiency, creating a truncated MBD4 protein (TruMBD4) that lacks its glycosylase domain. Here we show that TruMBD4 plays an important(More)
Interleukin-8 (IL-8; CXCL8) has been shown to play a role in multiple cellular processes. Here, we report an additional role of IL-8 as a growth and essential survival factor for normal human urothelial cells. Supplementing exogenous recombinant human IL-8 to normal urothelial cells promoted cell growth through the Akt pathway. Inhibition of IL-8 expression(More)
Simian virus 40 (SV40)-like DNA sequences have been found in a variety of human tumors, raising the possibility that strategies targeting SV40 may provide a potential avenue for immunotherapy directed against SV40 large T Antigen (Tag)-expressing tumors. We generated a recombinant vaccinia (vac-mTag) expressing mTag and herein assessed the ability of mTag(More)
OBJECTIVES Urothelial differentiation is essential for the maintenance of urinary bladder function. We explored the expression and function of 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase (PGDH) during urothelial differentiation. METHODS We evaluated expression of PGDH by Northern and Western blotting and immunostaining in human urothelial cultures, cell lines,(More)
DNA mismatch repair (MMR) function is critical for correcting errors coincident with polymerase-driven DNA replication, and its proteins are frequent targets for inactivation (germline or somatic), generating a hypermutable tumor that drives cancer progression. The biomarker for defective DNA MMR is microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H), observed in ~15%(More)
The evolutionarily conserved DExD/H-box proteins are essential for all RNA-related biological processes. They are thought to modulate the structure and function of specific RNAs and/or ribonucleoprotein particles by using their intrinsic RNA-dependent ATPase activities to achieve the desired conformational changes. A number of DExD/H-box proteins have been(More)