Stephanie Pfeiffer

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The neuronal nitric oxide (NO) synthase generates NO from arginine. NO mediates its physiological effects mainly by stimulating the synthesis of cyclic GMP. We have investigated the role of the arginine availability on the NMDA-induced cyclic GMP accumulation in immature rat brain slices. The effect of NMDA was blocked by the inhibitor of the NO synthase,(More)
The Sigirr gene (also known as Tir8) encodes for an orphan receptor of the Toll-like receptor (TLR)/interleukin 1 receptor family that inhibits TLR-mediated pathogen recognition in dendritic cells. Here, we show that Sigirr also inhibits the activation of dendritic cells and B cells upon exposure to RNA and DNA lupus autoantigens. To evaluate the functional(More)
Stress signaling in response to oxygen/glucose deprivation (OGD) and ischemic injury activates a group of pro-apoptotic genes, the Bcl-2 homology domain 3 (BH3)-only proteins, which are capable of activating the mitochondrial apoptosis pathway. Targeted studies previously identified the BH3-only proteins Puma, Bim and Bid to have a role in ischemic/hypoxic(More)
The prevalence and the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are increasing and now attaining epidemic proportions worldwide. Apoptotic cell death is a hallmark of pancreatic beta-cell loss not only in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) but also in all forms of diabetes mellitus, contributing to the development of clinically overt disease. 1,2 Although(More)
Copper complexes with superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity show a wide range of pharmacological activities. We have investigated the effect of ([N,N'-bis(2-pyridylmethylene)-1,4-butanediamine]-(N,N',N", N"')]-Cu(II)-chloride (Cu-PuPy) and ([N,N'-bis(2-pyridyl-phenyl)methylene-1,4-butanediamine]-(N,N',N", N"'))-Cu(II)-chloride (Cu-PuPhePy) on the multiple(More)
Heterozygous loss-of-function mutations in the hepatocyte nuclear factor 1α (HNF-1α) gene can lead to diminished amounts of functional HNF-1α, resulting in the onset of a particularly severe form of maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY). We have previously shown that induction of a dominant-negative mutant of HNF-1α (DNHNF-1α) results in the(More)
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