Stephanie Patchett

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Ribosome profiling produces snapshots of the locations of actively translating ribosomes on messenger RNAs. These snapshots can be used to make inferences about translation dynamics. Recent ribosome profiling studies in yeast, however, have reached contradictory conclusions regarding the average translation rate of each codon. Some experiments have used(More)
T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) is caused by the cooperation of multiple oncogenic lesions. We used exome sequencing on 67 T-ALLs to gain insight into the mutational spectrum in these leukemias. We detected protein-altering mutations in 508 genes, with an average of 8.2 mutations in pediatric and 21.0 mutations in adult T-ALL. Using stringent(More)
During ribosome biogenesis in eukaryotes, nascent subunits are exported to the cytoplasm in a functionally inactive state. 60S subunits are activated through a series of cytoplasmic maturation events. The last known events in the cytoplasm are the release of Tif6 by Efl1 and Sdo1 and the release of the export adapter, Nmd3, by the GTPase Lsg1. Here, we have(More)
Ribosomes transit between two conformational states, non-rotated and rotated, through the elongation cycle. Here, we present evidence that an internal loop in the essential yeast ribosomal protein rpL10 is a central controller of this process. Mutations in this loop promote opposing effects on the natural equilibrium between these two extreme conformational(More)
Ribosomopathies are a class of diseases caused by mutations that affect the biosynthesis and/or functionality of the ribosome. Although they initially present as hypoproliferative disorders, such as anemia, patients have elevated risk of hyperproliferative disease (cancer) by midlife. Here, this paradox is explored using the rpL10-R98S (uL16-R98S) mutant(More)
Nucleostemin 3 (NS3) is an evolutionarily conserved protein with profound roles in cell growth and viability. Here we analyze cell-autonomous and non-cell-autonomous growth control roles of NS3 in Drosophila and demonstrate its GTPase activity using genetic and biochemical assays. Two null alleles of ns3, and RNAi, demonstrate the necessity of NS3 for cell(More)
Vivid colors are demonstrated in silicon nanowires with diameters ranging from 105 to 346 nm. The nanowires are vertically arranged in a square lattice with a pitch of 400 nm and are electromagnetically coupled to each other, resulting in frequency-dependent reflection spectra. Since the coupling is dependent on the refractive index of the medium(More)
Reproterol is a synthetic selective beta-adrenoceptor agonist with a xanthine side chain. The bronchial and cardiovascular responses to inhaled reproterol were studied in 14 asthmatics. The study was placebo controlled and double-blind, comparing doubling doses of reproterol from 500 micrograms-8 mg. The peak improvement in FEV1 showed a non-linear(More)
All ribosome profiling experiments analyzed involve attaching a known sequence to the 3′ end of RNA footprints to which a reverse transcription primer can be annealed. Some experiments use polyA tailing for this purpose, while others attach an oligonucleotide linker sequence. For experiments using polyA tailing, reads were trimmed from the end back to the(More)