Stephanie Oldfield

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We previously found a higher incidence of circulating tumour cells (CTCs) in women with metastatic breast cancer compared to early disease. In this study, we present follow-up data to explore the prognostic significance of these findings. CTCs were quantified by immunostaining and direct visualization after centrifugation and filtration enrichment of(More)
The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether metastatic breast cancer that has progressed on an anthracycline-containing drug regimen will subsequently respond to that identical regimen if dexverapamil, a modulator of P-glycoprotein-mediated drug resistance, is given concomitantly. Eligible patients received 180 mg/m2 dexverapamil every 6 h for 15 doses(More)
BACKGROUND Perineural and IV dexmedetomidine have each been suggested to prolong the duration of analgesia when administered in conjunction with peripheral nerve blocks. In the first randomized, triple-masked, placebo-controlled trial to date, the authors aimed to define and compare the efficacy of perineural and IV dexmedetomidine in prolonging the(More)
Nasal high flow (NHF) therapy is used to treat a variety of respiratory disorders to improve patient oxygenation. A CO2 washout mechanism is believed to be responsible for the observed increase in oxygenation. In this study, experimentally validated Computational Fluid Dynamics simulations of the CO2 concentration within the upper airway during unassisted(More)
773 Background: Clinicians are often faced with metastatic breast cancer refractory to anthracyclines and taxanes and must determine which subsequent type of chemotherapy produces the most benefit. Therapeutic alternatives commonly used in clinical practice include vinorelbine and capecitabine. The primary objective of this retrospective study was to(More)
Blood gases and red cell 2,3 DPG concentrations were measured during ascent and a stay for 6 days at 4846 m in 20 subjects. Acetazolamide improved Pa,O2 and reduced pH and Pa,CO2. 2,3 DPG concentrations were lower in the acetazolamide group during ascent and at high altitude. However, 2,3 DPG concentrations were significantly greater at high altitude in(More)
BACKGROUND Arthroscopy has become a standard method of treatment for a variety of intra-articular hip disorders. While most arthroscopic hip procedures are performed as outpatient surgeries, patients can still experience significant postoperative pain and opioid-associated side effects. PURPOSE The potential benefits of a preoperative femoral nerve block(More)
The use of free thyroxine assay as the basis for monitoring patients on thyroxine replacement therapy was assessed. Patients with normal free thyroxine levels were divided into sub-groups on the basis of serum TSH levels. Of these, patients with normal TSH levels had higher serum free thyroxine and free 3,5,3'-triiodothyronine concentrations than patients(More)
This open-access article is published and distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial No Derivatives License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/), which permits the noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction of the article in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. You may not alter,(More)
BACKGROUND By targeting the distal branches of the femoral nerve in the mid-thigh, the adductor canal block (ACB) can preserve quadriceps muscle strength while providing analgesia similar to a conventional femoral nerve block (FNB) for inpatients undergoing major knee surgery. In this randomized, double-blind, noninferiority trial, the authors hypothesized(More)
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