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Injury to the spinal column and spinal cord occurs relatively infrequently in the pediatric population. A review of 174 pediatric patients is presented, representing 5.4% of all patients admitted with spinal injury. Spinal cord injury was present in 45% of patients. A distinct injury profile, explained by anatomical and biomechanical features, distinguishes(More)
PURPOSE We report the treatment and follow-up, including MRI, of two patients with idiopathic hypertrophic pachymeningitis and review the English language literature, with emphasis on management and outcome in this rare disorder. METHODS AND MATERIALS The files of two patients were reviewed, with relevant histopathology and imaging (MRI). The first(More)
OBJECTIVE Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) is considered to be a safe and effective treatment in selected patients as an initial treatment for obstructive hydrocephalus and at the time of shunt malfunction in previously shunted patients. We compared the outcome and complications of ETV between patients with newly diagnosed hydrocephalus and those with(More)
The aggressive treatment of hydrocephalus has been of benefit to many children. Sophisticated two-dimensional ultrasound techniques allow the diagnosis of prenatal hydrocephalus to be made with accuracy and ease. In the past, the medical decisions governing the management of hydrocephalus in utero were made by obstetricians and were directed at reducing(More)
BACKGROUND Accurate breast cancer recurrence risk perceptions might motivate health-promoting behaviors and alleviate undue anxiety. Although a few studies have examined early-stage breast cancer survivors' perceived risk of recurrence, none have assessed the accuracy of survivors' perceived risk of recurrence. METHODS First primary ductal carcinoma in(More)
BACKGROUND Medical students in Canada must make career choices by their final year of medical school. Selection of students for a career in neurosurgery has traditionally been based on marks, reference letters and personal interviews. Studies have shown that marks alone are not accurate predictors of success in medical practice; personal skills and(More)
PURPOSE The surgical treatment of medically intractable temporal lobe epilepsy includes the resection of temporal lobe structures. Although the reported seizure-free outcomes are highly variable, there is growing evidence that the extent of resection of the mesiotemporal lobe directly correlates with seizure control. METHODS A moveable, high-field(More)
Advances in fetal diagnostic techniques have opened many areas to prenatal anatomical scrutiny. Intrauterine hydrocephalus and ventriculomegaly are conditions which are readily diagnosed. Fetal intervention has been undertaken in humans in order to minimize the craniofacial disfigurement and to maximize the growth potential of the brain. To justify such an(More)
A male child with type I (no neck) Klippel-Feil syndrome presented at birth with a transient and partial cord injury. Investigations failed to reveal spinal instability or foramen magnum compression. Subsequent deterioration led to investigations that demonstrated neuroschisis. A cervical meningocoele manque with cord tethering was found at exploration and(More)