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This article presents the 3-D puzzle model of culturally congruent care, defines the levels and constructs employed by this model, presents some assumptions, and lays out some basic propositions as a foundation for further work. There are many extant frameworks and theories of culture and cultural competence in nursing and health care; the model presented(More)
The pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) is a high-tech setting aimed at restoring health to critically ill children. When childhood death occurs in the PICU, it constitutes a special context for parent bereavement. The purpose of this interdisciplinary qualitative research was to gain a deeper understanding of parents' needs around the time of their(More)
OBJECTIVE Many childhood deaths in the United States occur in intensive care settings. The environmental needs of parents experiencing their child's death in a pediatric intensive care unit must be understood to design facilities that comfort at the time of death and promote healing after loss. The purpose of this study is to explore parents' environmental(More)
A critical component in making hospice and palliative care services accessible and acceptable to diverse communities is preparation of all providers to enhance cultural competence. This article reports a study designed to test an educational intervention aimed at expanding cultural awareness, sensitivity, and competence with a multi-disciplinary and(More)
This study investigated racial/ethnic preferences, sex preferences, and perceived discrimination related to end-of-life care. Ten focus groups and a follow-up survey were conducted to obtain in-depth information on end-of-life preferences across five racial/ethnic groups in Michigan stratified by sex. There were 73 focus group participants, including Arab(More)
While the work of ambulatory nursing is increasingly complex, nurses have little specific preparation and support. Role confusion is prevalent, and nurses are often unable to articulate their roles. The authors present results of a survey that assessed practice patterns of registered nurses (RNs) in ambulatory care settings. They discuss how ambulatory RNs'(More)
OBJECTIVE Nurses and administrators are concerned with removing barriers to appropriate and cost-effective referrals between programs. The goal of this research was to describe knowledge and attitudes of home care nurses toward hospice referral. BACKGROUND The literature review did not identify studies related to the referral of patients from traditional(More)
The purpose of this study was to discover perceptions, experiences, and patterns of health care behavior among Arab Americans in an urban Midwestern area of the United States and then to discover perceptions and experiences of health care providers related to culturally competent care. The goal of the study was to generate findings that would provide the(More)
Increasing diversity in the classroom challenges nursing educators to identify issues that complicate teaching (perils), analyze barriers for themselves and their students (pitfalls), and select new strategies for working with nontraditional students (pearls). This article identifies concerns arising from attitudes and values within nursing and common(More)
Research shows that ethnic minorities access hospice care significantly less often than Caucasians. In part, this has been attributed to the lack of cultural competence among hospice staff. To assess cultural competence among hospice workers, this article evaluates the results of a descriptive, exploratory survey that was submitted to 125 interdisciplinary(More)