Stephanie-May Ruchat

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Several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) risk have been identified by genome wide association studies (GWAS). The objective of the present study was to investigate the impact of these SNPs on T2DM intermediate phenotypes in order to clarify the physiological mechanisms through which they exert their effects on(More)
Offspring exposed to gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have an increased risk for chronic diseases, and one promising mechanism for fetal metabolic programming is epigenetics. Therefore, we postulated that GDM exposure impacts the offspring's methylome and used an epigenomic approach to explore this hypothesis. Placenta and cord blood samples were(More)
Adipose tissue synthesizes and secretes a wide range of biologically active molecules considered as inflammatory markers whose dysregulation in obesity plays a role in the development of insulin resistance and vascular disorders. Thus, finding genes that influence circulating levels of inflammatory biomarkers may provide insights into the genetic(More)
It is now well accepted that offspring exposed to maternal undernutrition, obesity, or gestational diabetes mellitus have an increased risk for chronic diseases later in life, supporting the theory of the early origins of chronic diseases. However, the molecular mechanisms through which the exposure to an altered in utero environment translates into the(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Genome-wide association studies have led to the identification of several susceptibility genes for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that the associations between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in these genes and adiposity and glucose homeostasis-related phenotypes are influenced(More)
BACKGROUND Although several candidate gene polymorphisms (SNPs) have been associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), relatively few studies have assessed the ability of T2DM candidate genes to assess the risk of impaired fasting glucose (IFG), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), and T2DM beyond the information provided by clinical risk(More)
It has been suggested recently that molecules expressed both in the pancreas and hypothalamus, such as mu-opioid receptor 1 (OPRM1), could form an integrated brain-liver system, which may sense glucose levels and therefore contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). In the present study, we tested associations between OPRM1 gene(More)
AIMS To test for associations between type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)-related traits and polymorphisms (SNPs) in the hepatocyte nuclear factor 4-alpha gene (HNF4A) in the Quebec Family Study cohort, and determine whether these associations are modulated by physical activity (PA). METHODS Two HNF4A SNPs (rs1885088 G>A; rs745975 C>T), previously reported to(More)
AIM To assess the associations between gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and DNA methylation levels at genes related to energy metabolism. PATIENTS & METHODS Ten loci were selected from our recent epigenome-wide association study on GDM. DNA methylation levels were quantified by bisulfite pyrosequencing in 80 placenta and cord blood samples (20 exposed(More)
OBJECTIVE Excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) is associated with increased birth weight and neonatal adiposity. However, timing of excessive GWG may have a differential impact on birth outcomes. The objective of this study was to compare the effect of early and mid/late excessive GWG on newborn anthropometry in the context of the Canadian clinical(More)