Stephanie M. Parkyn

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The influence of fine sediment (<63 μm diameter) upon the assimilation rates of the snail Potamopyrgus antipodarum, and the mayfly Deleatidium sp. were determined by allowing individuals to feed upon 14C radiolabelled periphyton which had been contaminated with varying quantities of sediment (sediment:food ratios of: 0:1, 1:1, 5:1, 10:1, 50:1, 100:1 [dry(More)
Much of the variation in individual growth rates can be attributed to differences in individual feeding rates. Therefore, in order to build predictive models of individual, or population growth, the factors influencing an individual's feeding rate must be described. An important determinant of the feeding rate is the relationship between the local abundance(More)
Quantitative data on the habitat characteristics of stream crayfish have been generally lacking and competing demands on water resources has created a need to address this knowledge gap. We investigated day-time habitat relationships of stream crayfish (Paranephrops planifrons White) from 793 quadrats at 30 rivers and streams in the North Island, New(More)
Biodiversity goals are becoming increasingly important in stream restoration. Typical models of stream restoration are based on the assumption that if habitat is restored then species will return and ecological processes will re-establish. However, a range of constraints at different scales can affect restoration success. Much of the research in stream(More)
Survival of juvenile freshwater mussels (Echyridella menziesii (Gray, 1843) formerly known as Hyridella menziesi) and crayfish (Paranephrops planifrons, White, 1842) decreased after four days exposure to microcystin-containing cell-free extracts (MCFE) of Microcystis sp. at concentrations typical of severe cyanobacterial blooms. Crayfish survival was 100,(More)
Interactions between press and pulse disturbances can significantly impact benthic macroinvertebrate (crayfish) populations. Press disturbances such as land-use change can make crayfish more vulnerable to the detrimental effects of pulse disturbances, by changing the habitats available to crayfish. The impact of a pulse disturbance, a major flood (1 in 28(More)
A method was developed to score the ecological condition of first- to third-order stream reaches in the Auckland region of New Zealand based on the performance of their key ecological functions. Such a method is required by consultants and resource managers to quantify the reduction in ecological condition of a modified stream reach relative to its(More)
New Zealand is unique in that half of its national greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory derives from agriculture--predominantly as methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O), in a 2:1 ratio. The remaining GHG emissions predominantly comprise carbon dioxide (CO2) deriving from energy and industry sources. Proposed strategies to mitigate emissions of CH4 and N2O from(More)
Various behavioural and physiological tests were applied to determine whether an aluminised modified zeolite clay product (Z2G1), used to cap phosphorus release from lake sediments, had sub-lethal effects on adult freshwater crayfish (Paranephrops planifrons). In situ exposures of caged crayfish before and after application of modified zeolite to Lake(More)
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