Stephanie M. Lowry

Learn More
Visual place recognition is a challenging problem due to the vast range of ways in which the appearance of real-world places can vary. In recent years, improvements in visual sensing capabilities, an ever-increasing focus on long-term mobile robot autonomy, and the ability to draw on state-of-the-art research in other disciplines-particularly recognition in(More)
The recent focus on performing visual navigation and place recognition in changing environments has resulted in a large number of heterogeneous techniques each utilizing their own learnt or hand crafted visual features. This paper presents a generally applicable method for learning the appropriate distance metric by which to compare feature responses from(More)
Visual localization in outdoor environments is often hampered by the natural variation in appearance caused by such things as weather phenomena, diurnal fluctuations in lighting, and seasonal changes. Such changes are global across an environment and, in the case of global light changes and seasonal variation, the change in appearance occurs in a regular,(More)
Whole image descriptors have been shown to be remarkably robust to perceptual change especially compared to local features. However, whole-image-based localization systems typically rely on heuristic methods for determining appropriate matching thresholds in a particular environment. These environment-specific tuning requirements and the lack of a(More)
Vision-based localization on robots and vehicles remains unsolved when extreme appearance change and viewpoint change are present simultaneously. The current state of the art approaches to this challenge either deal with only one of these two problems; for example FAB-MAP (viewpoint invariance) or SeqSLAM (appearance-invariance), or use extensive training(More)
Robotic mapping and localization systems typically operate at either one fixed spatial scale, or over two, combining a local metric map and a global topological map. In contrast, recent high profile discoveries in neuroscience have indicated that animals such as rodents navigate the world using multiple parallel maps, with each map encoding the world at a(More)
This paper investigates the application of linear learning techniques to the place recognition problem. We present two learning methods, a supervised change prediction technique based on linear regression and an unsupervised change removal technique based on principal component analysis, and investigate how the performance of each is affected by the choice(More)
Whole-image descriptors such as GIST have been used successfully for persistent place recognition when combined with temporal filtering or sequential filtering techniques. However, whole-image descriptor localization systems often apply a heuristic rather than a probabilistic approach to place recognition, requiring substantial environmental-specific tuning(More)
This paper investigates whether visual place recognition techniques can be used to provide pose estimation information for a visual SLAM system operating long-term in an environment where the appearance may change a great deal. It demonstrates that a combination of a conventional SURF feature detector and a condition-invariant feature descriptor such as HOG(More)