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MicroRNAs are important regulators of gene expression that control both physiological and pathological processes such as development and cancer. Although their mode of action has attracted great attention, the principles governing their expression and activity are only beginning to emerge. Recent studies have introduced a paradigm shift in our understanding(More)
RNAi is widely applied to inhibit expression of specific genes, but it is limited by variable efficiency and specificity of empirically designed siRNA or shRNA constructs. This complicates studies targeting individual genes and significantly impairs large-scale screens using genome-wide knockdown libraries. Here, we show that ectopic expression of the RISC(More)
To examine the relationship between glycoprotein Ib and other proteins in the platelet membrane and the interaction of this protein with thrombin, platelets were crosslinked by two cleavable reagents, SADP (N-succinimidyl(4-azidophenyldithio)propionate) and DTSSP (3,3'-dithiobis(sulfosuccinimidyl propionate]. Two-dimensional, unreduced-reduced sodium(More)
Evidence was obtained about the mechanism responsible for platelet integrin alpha(2)beta activation by determining effects of various inhibitors on soluble collagen binding, a parameter to assess integrin alpha(2)beta(1) activation, in stimulated platelets. Agonists that can also activate platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa are able to activate integrin(More)
Glycoprotein VI (GPVI) is an essential platelet collagen receptor; therefore, the inhibition of GPVI-collagen interactions may be an attractive antithrombotic strategy. We have previously shown that targeting of GPVI with antibodies leads to the depletion of the receptor and to long-term antithrombotic protection in mice. An alternative agent to interfere(More)
Platelet proteins (0.5-5 micrograms) were electrophoresed in a one-dimensional or an unreduced-reduced, two-dimensional sodium dodecyl sulfate gel system. The separated proteins were then transferred electrophoretically to nitrocellulose and reacted with peroxidase-conjugated lectins. Visualization of specific glycoproteins which bound the lectins was made(More)
Glycoprotein (GP) VI is a platelet membrane protein with a molecular weight of 62 kDa that was identified as a physiological collagen receptor from studies of patients deficient in this protein. GPVI-deficient platelets lacked specifically collagen-induced aggregation and the ability to form thrombi on a collagen surface under flow conditions, suggesting(More)
In agonist-induced platelet activation, the collagen platelet receptor integrin alpha2beta1 is activated to high-affinity states through ADP involvement [Jung, S.M. & Moroi, M. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 275, 8016-8026]. Here we determined the ADP-receptor subtypes involved and their relative contributions to alpha2beta1 activation (assessed by soluble-collagen(More)
Molecular level studies on platelets deficient in collagen-induced aggregation provide evidence for identifying possible platelet collagen receptors. We investigated platelets from a patient with mild bleeding time prolongation, but otherwise normal coagulation data. Her platelets lacked collagen-induced aggregation and adhesion, but retained normal(More)