Learn More
MicroRNAs are important regulators of gene expression that control both physiological and pathological processes such as development and cancer. Although their mode of action has attracted great attention, the principles governing their expression and activity are only beginning to emerge. Recent studies have introduced a paradigm shift in our understanding(More)
RNAi is widely applied to inhibit expression of specific genes, but it is limited by variable efficiency and specificity of empirically designed siRNA or shRNA constructs. This complicates studies targeting individual genes and significantly impairs large-scale screens using genome-wide knockdown libraries. Here, we show that ectopic expression of the RISC(More)
Evidence was obtained about the mechanism responsible for platelet integrin alpha(2)beta activation by determining effects of various inhibitors on soluble collagen binding, a parameter to assess integrin alpha(2)beta(1) activation, in stimulated platelets. Agonists that can also activate platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa are able to activate integrin(More)
To examine the relationship between glycoprotein Ib and other proteins in the platelet membrane and the interaction of this protein with thrombin, platelets were crosslinked by two cleavable reagents, SADP (N-succinimidyl(4-azidophenyldithio)propionate) and DTSSP (3,3'-dithiobis(sulfosuccinimidyl propionate]. Two-dimensional, unreduced-reduced sodium(More)
Molecular level studies on platelets deficient in collagen-induced aggregation provide evidence for identifying possible platelet collagen receptors. We investigated platelets from a patient with mild bleeding time prolongation, but otherwise normal coagulation data. Her platelets lacked collagen-induced aggregation and adhesion, but retained normal(More)
The requisite initial reaction for in vivo thrombus formation in flowing blood is platelet adhesion to the exposed surface of the extracellular matrix. The contribution of von Willebrand factor (vWF ) in plasma and glycoprotein (GP) Ib on the platelet membrane to platelet adhesion has been well-documented. We have recently developed a procedure (the "flow(More)
Dynamic changes in mobile phase composition during high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) gradient elution coupled to mass spectrometry (MS) sensitively affect electrospray modes. We investigate the impact of the eluent composition on spray stability and MS response by infusion and injection experiments with a small tetrapeptide in water-acetonitrile(More)
Glycoprotein (GP) VI is a platelet membrane protein with a molecular weight of 62 kDa that was identified as a physiological collagen receptor from studies of patients deficient in this protein. GPVI-deficient platelets lacked specifically collagen-induced aggregation and the ability to form thrombi on a collagen surface under flow conditions, suggesting(More)
Glycoprotein VI (GPVI) is a platelet-specific glycoprotein that has been indicated to react with collagen and activate platelets. Its structure was recently identified by cDNA cloning (Clemetson, J. M., Polgar, J., Magnenat, E., Wells, T. N., and Clemetson, K. J. (1999) J. Biol. Chem. 274, 29019-29024). However, the mechanism of the interaction between(More)
We have investigated the density of the collagen receptors glycoprotein VI (GPVI) and alpha 2 beta 1 on human platelets and their relationship to polymorphisms within the GPVI gene. GPVI levels varied 1.5-fold and showed a weak correlation (r = 0.35) with the levels of alpha 2 beta 1, which varied 3-fold. GPVI genotype had a significant effect on receptor(More)