Stephanie M. Carpenter

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Cigarette smoking is a major source of mortality and medical costs in the United States. More graphic and salient warning labels on cigarette packs as used in Canada may help to reduce smoking initiation and increase quit attempts. However, the labels also may lead to defensive reactions among smokers. In an experimental setting, smokers and nonsmokers were(More)
The impact of induced mild positive feelings on working memory and complex decision making among older adults (aged 63-85) was examined. Participants completed a computer administered card task in which participants could win money if they chose from "gain" decks and lose money if they chose from "loss" decks. Individuals in the positive-feeling condition(More)
Special thanks to the many teachers, administrators, and students who opened their doors for the site visits and interviews that formed the basis for the case scenarios in this handbook. The schools were Crockett Career and Technical High School On a more systemic level, the following people deserve special recognition for the information they provided:(More)
Research on consumer decision making and aging is especially important for fostering a better understanding of ways to maintain consumer satisfaction and high decision quality across the life span. We provide a review of extant research on the effects of normal aging on cognition and decision processes and how these age-related processes are influenced by(More)
Making wise decisions for the future can be difficult. Consider that over half of U.S. households are not financially prepared to maintain their standard of living in retirement (Munnell, Hou, & Webb, 2014). Such obstacles ultimately stem from choices made when allocating resources to various areas of life: how much money to spend on luxuries versus(More)
The impact of induced mild positive feelings on working memory and complex decision making among older adults (aged 63–85) was examined. Participants completed a computer administered card task in which participants could win money if they chose from " gain " decks and lose money if they chose from " loss " decks. Individuals in the positive-feeling(More)
OBJECTIVE Here, we develop an integrative account of the roles of emotion in decision-making. In Part I, we illustrate how emotional inputs into decisions may rely on physiological signals from emotions experienced while making the decision, and we review evidence suggesting that the failure to represent the emotional meaning of options can often reduce(More)
Almost all real-life decisions entail attribute conflict; every serious choice alternative is better than its competitors on some attribute dimensions but worse on others. In pre-decisional "coherence shifting," the decision maker gradually softens that conflict psychologically to the point where one alternative is seen as dominant over its competitors, or(More)