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The implementation of real-time PCR for the diagnosis of malaria has been hampered by poor sensitivity for the detection of mixed infections. We have optimized a method that enhances the sensitivity of detection of minor species in mixed infections within a single multiplex reaction. Our assay uses species-specific forward primers in combination with a(More)
Cdc18/Cdc6 and Cdt1 are essential initiation factors for DNA replication. In this paper we show that expression of Cdc18 in fission yeast G2 cells is sufficient to override the controls that ensure one S phase per cell cycle. Cdc18 expression in G2 induces DNA synthesis by re-firing replication origins and recruiting the MCM Cdc21 to chromatin in the(More)
In the marine mollusk Aplysia californica, serotonin initiates three phases of translational regulation: an initial decrease in translation, followed by a transient increase in protein synthesis, both of which are independent of transcription, followed by a later increase in protein synthesis that is dependent on transcription. These increases in protein(More)
BACKGROUND Resurgence of syphilis in Canada and worldwide requires laboratories to update their methods for molecular epidemiology investigation and surveillance. This study utilizes polymerase chain reaction diagnostic tests for syphilis, identifies macrolide resistance, and uses a molecular typing system to characterize Treponema pallidum clinical strains(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of mutations in Plasmodium falciparum dihydrofolate reductase (Pfdhfr) and dihydropteroate synthase (Pfdhps) genes among pregnant women using sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) as an intermittent preventive treatment (IPTp). A molecular epidemiological study of P. falciparum parasite resistance markers to SP(More)
Malaria vaccine development is hampered by the lack of small animal models that recapitulate human immune responses to Plasmodium falciparum. We review the burgeoning literature on humanized mice for P. falciparum infection, including challenges in engraftment of human immune cells, hepatocytes, and erythrocytes. Recent advances in immune-compromised mouse(More)
Tracking novel influenza viruses which have the potential to cause pandemics, such as the pandemic (H1N1) 2009 virus, is a public health priority. Pandemic (H1N1) 2009 virus was first identified in Mexico in April 2009 and spread worldwide over a short period of time. Well-validated diagnostic tools that are rapid, sensitive, and specific for the detection(More)
Methylation of cytosines in CpG motifs is an important mechanism for epigenetic regulation of gene expression in mammalian cells. The initiating event(s) for de novo methylation in mammalian cells, particularly in cancer, is unknown. In plants, short RNAs homologous to DNA sequences are known to initiate de novo methylation. To investigate whether short(More)
S-phase and DNA damage checkpoint controls block the onset of mitosis when DNA is damaged or DNA replication is incomplete. It has been proposed that damaged or incompletely replicated DNA generates structures that are sensed by the checkpoint control pathway, although little is known about the structures and mechanisms involved. Here, we show that the DNA(More)
BACKGROUND The misdiagnosis of Plasmodium knowlesi by microscopy has prompted a re-evaluation of the geographic distribution, prevalence and pathogenesis of this species using molecular diagnostic tools. In this report, a specific probe for P. knowlesi, that can be used in a previously described TaqMan real-time PCR assay for detection of Plasmodium spp.,(More)