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Shoots, roots, and seeds of corn (Zea mays L., cv. Michigan 500), oats (Avena sativa L., cv. Au Sable), and peas (Pisum sativum L., cv. Wando) were analyzed for their superoxide dismutase content using a photochemical assay system consisting of methionine, riboflavin, and p-nitro blue tetrazolium. The enzyme is present in the shoots, roots, and seeds of the(More)
Superoxide dismutase was purified from pea (Pisum sativum L., cv. Wando) seeds and corn (Zea mays L., cv. Michigan 500) seedlings. The purified pea enzyme eluting as a single peak from gel exclusion chromatography columns contained the three electrophoretically distinct bands of superoxide dismutase characterizing the crude extract. The purified corn enzyme(More)
Triacontanol, a 30-carbon primary alcohol, applied in nutrient culture solutions to rice (Oryza sativa L.) seedlings at 2.3×10(-8) M (10 μg/l), caused an increase in dry weight and leaf area of the whole plants. The response could be observed as early as 3 h of treatment. It was observed at relatively high and low light intensities as well as in the dark(More)
Treatment of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii cells, cultured at 5% CO(2), with 1 to 1000 micrograms triacontanol (TRIA) per liter resulted in 21 to 35% increases in cell density, 7 to 31% increases in total chlorophyll, and 20 to 100% increases in photosynthetic CO(2) assimilation. The increase in CO(2) fixation with TRIA treatment occurred before, and was(More)
Seed of a Mexican semidwarf wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cv. Inia 66), was obtained from a nitrogen fertilizer field trial grown in Mexico. A high positive correlation was obtained between seed protein content and seedling dry weight after 3 weeks growth (r = +0.92(**)). The seedling dry weight was positively related to the protein content of the aleurone(More)
Triacontanol (TRIA) increased fresh and dry weight and total reducible nitrogen (total N) of rice (Oryza sativa L.) seedlings within 40 minutes. Increases in total N in the supernatants from homogenates of corn (Zea mays L.) and rice leaves treated with TRIA for one minute before grinding occurred within 30 and 80 minutes, respectively. The source for the(More)
Alfalfa meal and chloroform extracts of the meal have increased the growth and yield of several plant species. A crystalline substance isolated from the active fraction of alfalfa meal increased the dry weight and water uptake of rice seedlings when sprayed on the foliage or applied in nutrient culture. The substance was identified as triacontanol by mass(More)
Triacontanol [CH(3)(CH(2))(28)CH(2)OH] increased growth in vitro of cell cultures of haploid tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum). The fresh weight of cell cultures of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum), potato (Solanum tuberosum), bean (Phaseolus vulgaris), and barley (Hordeum vulgare x H. jubatum) was also increased. The increase in growth of tobacco callus seems to(More)
Increased photosynthetic CO(2) assimilation by Chlamydomonas reinhardtii cells treated with triacontanol (TRIA) was not due to changes in glycolate excretion, CO(2) compensation point, or the sensitivity of photosynthetic CO(2) assimilation to O(2). Kinetic analysis of TRIA-treated cells showed that the increase in photosynthetic CO(2) assimilation was a(More)