Stephanie E. Mitsos

Learn More
Reperfusion of the previously ischemic myocardium is associated with the production of oxygen free radicals and their metabolites, which contribute to the ultimate extent of irreversible myocardial injury. The relative importance of polymorphonuclear leukocytes vs intracellular-derived oxygen metabolites has remained uncertain. We evaluated the(More)
This study was performed to assess the effect of allopurinol in a canine preparation of myocardial infarction. Dogs underwent occlusion of the left circumflex coronary artery for 90 min, followed by reperfusion for 6 hr. Three groups were studied: (1) control, (2) dogs receiving 25 mg/kg allopurinol 18 hr before occlusion and 50 mg/kg 5 min before(More)
Prostacyclin (PGI2) and the stable PGI2 analogue SC39902 (6,9 alpha-epoxy,5S-fluoro-11 alpha, 15S-dehydroxyprosta-6,13E-dien-1-oic acid, sodium salt) were studied in anesthetized open-chest dogs subjected to 90 minutes of left circumflex coronary artery (LCCA) occlusion and 6 hours of reperfusion. PGI2 (50 ng/kg/min, infused into the left atrium) reduced(More)
Oxygen-derived free radicals and their metabolites may contribute to the extension of irreversible cellular injury, which occurs on reperfusion of the previously ischemic myocardium. Therefore, therapy directed against the toxic effects of reactive oxygen species may provide protection to the ischemic myocardium, which undergoes subsequent reperfusion. We(More)
The effects of a purine precursor, AICAriboside (5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide riboside), on postischemic recovery of myocardial function and adenine nucleotides have been studied in the isolated blood-perfused cat heart. The isolated hearts received either AICAriboside or saline prior to 60 min of global ischemia and during 60 min of subsequent(More)
The effectiveness of the calcium entry blocker bepridil in protecting the myocardium from ischemic injury, was assessed in a canine model of regional ischemia and in a feline model of global ischemia. Bepridil administration (5 mg/kg or 15 mg/kg/24 h intravenously) did not reduce ultimate infarct size as assessed in anesthetized, open-chest dogs subjected(More)
Conditions for the stereospecific binding of 3H-ethylketocyclazocine and 3H-etorphine were established in membranes from rat and pigeon brain. In displacing the specific binding of the radiolabeled ligands, putative mu and kappa opiates displayed different sensitivity toward sodium. In membranes from both species, the ratio of the sodium responses exhibited(More)
The ability of specific low molecular weight sulfhydryl compounds to inhibit the myoglobin-H2O2 peroxidation of uric acid and arachidonic acid was investigated. alpha-Mercaptopropionyl glycine, N-acetylcysteine, and reduced glutathione inhibited both the oxymyoglobin and metmyoglobin H2O2-mediated peroxidation of uric acid in a dose-dependent manner. The(More)
Condi t ions fo r the ~ t e r e o s p e c i f i c b ind ing of H-ethylketocyclazocine and ~H-etorphine were established in membranes from rat and pigeon brain. In displacing the speci f ic binding of the radiolabeled l igands, putat i ve ~ and K opiates displayed d i f fe ren t sens i t i v i t y toward sodium. In membranes from both species, the ra t io of(More)
  • 1