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Viruses isolated from the blood of two Korean haemorrhagic fever patients were propagated in cell culture and compared to prototype Hantaan virus which was isolated from Apodemus mice. The antigenic properties of the human isolates were found to be closely related to Hantaan virus by plaque reduction neutralization, haemagglutination inhibition and(More)
Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) comprises a variety of clinically similar diseases of viral etiology that are endemic to and sporadically epidemic throughout the Eurasian continent and Japan. Although HFRS has not been reported in North America, viruses that are antigenically similar to HFRS agents were recently isolated from rodents in the(More)
Hantaan virus, strain 76-118, was propagated to high titer in a clone of Vero cells, and infectious virions were successfully concentrated and purified. Infectivity and virus antigenic activity were closely associated with a virus particle that exhibited a sedimentation rate indistinguishable from a representative member of the Bunyaviridae. Purified(More)
An attenuated chikungunya (CHIK) virus clone was developed for production of a live vaccine for human use. CHIK strain 15561 was subjected to 18 plaque-to-plaque passages in MRC-5 cultures before CHIK 181/clone 25 was selected as vaccine seed based on homogeneous small plaque size, suckling mouse avirulence, reduced monkey viraemia and genetic stability.(More)
The present epidemic of diabetes is resulting in a worldwide increase in cardiovascular and microvascular complications including retinopathy. Current thinking has focused on local influences in the retina as being responsible for development of this diabetic complication. However, the contribution of circulating cells in maintenance, repair, and(More)
Two vaccinia-vectored candidate vaccines for haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome were prepared by inserting cDNA, representing the medium (M) genome segment, or the M and the small (S) genome segments of Hantaan virus into the thymidine kinase gene of the Connaught vaccine strain of vaccinia virus. In the single recombinant, the M segment was placed(More)
To determine safety and immunogenicity, a single 0.5 ml dose of a monovalent live-attenuated dengue (DEN) 4 (341750 Carib) vaccine was given sc to 3 groups of flavivirus nonimmune volunteers in increasing concentrations. Two recipients received 10(3) plaque forming units (PFU)/dose (1:100 dilution of stock vaccine). One remained asymptomatic, but became(More)
The monovalent ionophore monensin, which interferes with cellular transport pathways, and the antibiotic tunicamycin, which prevents glycosylation of newly synthesized proteins, were used to examine Hantaan virus particle formation and polypeptide synthesis. Viral replication in the presence of either drug resulted in reduced antigen production as well as(More)
The prophylactic efficacy of the broad-spectrum antiviral nucleoside analog ribavirin against flavivirus infection in non-human primates was investigated in a blinded, placebo-controlled study of rhesus monkeys infected with dengue virus. Both placebo- and ribavirin-treated monkeys developed viremia, as measured by direct plaque assay on Aedes albopictus(More)
The attenuated M-44 strain of Coxiella burneti was heated to free it of adventitious agents that may have been present. Parallel titrations of the strain before and after heating indicated that the virulence for guinea pigs was markedly decreased. Guinea pigs immunized with the strain derived after heat treatment were protected from the effects of challenge(More)