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The neuropsychological model of A-not-B performance focuses on the maturation of the frontal lobe and the development of skills associated with working memory, inhibition, and attention. These cognitive skills are essential for A-not-B performance regardless of the search modality required to exhibit object knowledge. This study used a within-subjects(More)
The complete nucleotide sequence of a mouse retro-element is presented. The cloned element is composed of 4,834 base pairs (bp) with long terminal repeats of 568 bp separated by an internal region of 3,698 bp. The element did not appear to have any open reading frames that would be capable of encoding the functional proteins that are normally produced by(More)
The matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of at least 14 zinc-dependent enzymes which are known to degrade the protein components of extracellular matrix. In addition, MMPs and related enzymes can also process a number of cell surface cytokines, receptors, and other soluble proteins. In particular we have shown that the release of the(More)
The pol gene of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) is expressed as a gag:pol fusion, arising from a ribosomal frameshift that brings the overlapping, out-of-phase gag and pol genes into translational phase. In this study, we show that HIV frameshifting is mediated by a very short sequence in the viral RNA. We demonstrate the importance of a(More)
The diagnostic performance of six human observers with various degrees of experience was tested against the diagnosis developed by consensus and by an automated, computer-generated cell-classification system. The study was based on randomly selected photographs of 200 urothelial cells, classified in groups of 50 as negative, atypical, suspicious and(More)
The virus-like particles (VLPs) of the yeast retrotransposon Ty are genetically, structurally and functionally analogous to retroviral nucleocapsids or cores. Like retroviral cores Ty-VLPs package and possibly promote the enzyme activities for reverse transcription and integration, as well as encapsulating the RNA that is the intermediate in(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the immune response to HIV-1 p24 generated in vivo by p17/p24:Ty virus-like particles (p17/p24:Ty-VLP) by examining the lymphoproliferative and antibody (Ab) responses to HIV-1 p24, as well as Gag-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL), in HIV-seronegative volunteers immunized with hybrid p17/p24:Ty-VLP. DESIGN AND METHODS Sixteen(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can be transmitted through infected seminal fluid or vaginal or rectal secretions during heterosexual or homosexual intercourse. To prevent mucosal transmission and spread to the regional lymph nodes, an effective vaccine may need to stimulate immune responses at the genitourinary mucosa. In this study, we have developed a(More)
The yeast retrotransposon, Ty, encodes a set of proteins that are assembled into virus-like particles, Ty-VLPs (refs 1, 2). These proteins include Ty-VLP structural proteins, a protease that mediates cleavage of primary translation products and a reverse transcriptase. The major structural components of Ty-VLPs are proteolytic products of the primary(More)
We have identified the major structural core proteins of Ty virus-like particles (Ty-VLPs) and shown that they are generated by proteolytic cleavage of the primary translation product of TYA, p1. This precursor protein is therefore functionally similar to the gag precursor of retroviruses. Cleavage is mediated by a Ty-encoded protease located at the 5'(More)