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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) mediate posttranscriptional gene regulation by binding to the 3' untranslated region of messenger RNAs to either inhibit or enhance translation. The extent and hormonal regulation of miRNA expression by ovarian granulosa cells and their role in ovulation and luteinization is unknown. In the present study, miRNA array analysis was used to(More)
The chromosome 16p13.11 heterozygous deletion is associated with a diverse array of neuropsychiatric disorders including intellectual disabilities, autism, schizophrenia, epilepsy and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. However the clinical significance of its reciprocal duplication is not clearly defined yet. We evaluated 1645 consecutive pediatric(More)
We evaluated 966 consecutive pediatric patients with various developmental disorders by high-resolution microarray-based comparative genomic hybridization and found 10 individuals with pathogenic copy number variants (CNVs) on the short arm of chromosome 8 (8p), representing approximately 1% of the patients analyzed. Two patients with 8p terminal deletion(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in many developmental processes, including cell differentiation and apoptosis. Transition of proliferative ovarian granulosa cells to terminally differentiated luteal cells in response to the ovulatory surge of luteinizing hormone (LH) involves rapid and pronounced changes in cellular morphology and function. MicroRNA(More)
This chapter describes two methods to measure expression of mature miRNA levels using qRT-PCR. The first method uses stem-loop RT primers to produce cDNA for specific miRNAs, a technique that our laboratory has modified to increase the number of miRNAs being reverse transcribed within a single RT reaction from one (as suggested by the manufacturer) to five.(More)
BACKGROUND The GATA4 gene is critical to regulating myocardial differentiation and function. Haploinsufficiency of GATA4 is strongly associated with congenital heart defects (CHD). However, it is inconclusive whether duplicated GATA4 causes CHD. METHODS AND RESULTS We evaluated 1645 consecutive pediatric patients with various developmental disorders by(More)
Fourteen cases with constitutional small supernumerary marker chromosomes (sSMCs) were assessed by combination of diverse techniques including genome-wide high-resolution chromosomal microarray (CMA), chromosome banding analysis (G banding), fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), and quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR). Of the 14 sSMCs, 4 were complex(More)
Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is one of the most common severe congenital heart malformations. Great progress has been made in identifying key genes that regulate heart development, yet approximately 70% of TOF cases are sporadic and nonsyndromic with no known genetic cause. We created an ultra high-resolution gene centric comparative genomic hybridization(More)
The aims of this study were to create a copy number variant (CNV) profile of human chromosome 22 and to establish a genotype-phenotype correlation for patients with genomic abnormalities on chromosome 22. Thus, 1,654 consecutive pediatric patients with a diversity of clinical findings were evaluated by high-resolution chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA).(More)
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