Stephanie Cherqui

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The prospect of cell-based therapy for kidney disease remains controversial despite its immense promise. We had previously shown that transplanting bone marrow and hematopoietic stem cells could generate renal cells and lead to the preservation of kidney function in a mouse model for cystinosis (Ctns(-/-)) that develops chronic kidney injury, 4 months post(More)
Cystinosis as a clinical entity is a progressive dysfunction of multiple organs caused by the accumulation of cystine in the tissues, leading, for example, to end-stage renal failure, diabetes, hypothyroidism, myopathy, and central nervous system deterioration. Brodin-Sartorius and colleagues present a long-term study on the impact of cysteamine therapy on(More)
Cystinosis is an autosomal recessive metabolic disease that belongs to the family of lysosomal storage disorders (LSDs). The defective gene is CTNS encoding the lysosomal cystine transporter, cystinosin. Cystine accumulates in all tissues and leads to organ damage including end-stage renal disease. Using the Ctns(-/-) murine model for cystinosis, we tested(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to assess the ability of quantitative in vivo confocal microscopy to characterize the natural history and detect changes in crystal volume in corneas from a novel animal model of cystinosis, the cystinosin (Ctns(-/-)) mouse. METHODS Two Ctns(-/-) mice and one C57Bl/6 mouse were examined at each of the following time(More)
PURPOSE Cystinosis is caused by a deficiency in the lysosomal cystine transporter, cystinosin (CTNS gene), resulting in cystine crystal accumulation in tissues. In eyes, crystals accumulate in the cornea causing photophobia and eventually blindness. Hematopoietic stem progenitor cells (HSPCs) rescue the kidney in a mouse model of cystinosis. We investigated(More)
Metabolite accumulation in lysosomal storage disorders (LSDs) results in impaired cell function and multi-systemic disease. Although substrate reduction and lysosomal overload-decreasing therapies can ameliorate disease progression, the significance of lysosomal overload-independent mechanisms in the development of cellular dysfunction is unknown for most(More)
Hypothyroidism is the most frequent and earliest endocrine complication in cystinosis, a multisystemic lysosomal storage disease caused by defective transmembrane cystine transporter, cystinosin (CTNS gene). We recently demonstrated in Ctns(-/-) mice that altered thyroglobulin biosynthesis associated with endoplasmic reticulum stress, combined with(More)
BACKGROUND Muscle wasting is a common complication in patients with infantile nephropathic cystinosis, but its mechanism and association with energy metabolism is not known. We define the metabolic phenotype in Ctns(-/-) mice, an established murine model of infantile nephropathic cystinosis, with focus on muscle wasting and energy homeostasis. METHODS(More)
Effective gene therapy strategies for the treatment of kidney disorders remain elusive. We report an optimized kidney-targeted gene delivery strategy using recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) administered via retrograde renal vein injection in mice. Renal vein injection of rAAV consistently resulted in superior kidney transduction compared with tail(More)
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