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The activation of Group 1 metabotropic glutamate receptors, mGluR5 and mGluR1alpha, triggers intracellular calcium release; however, mGluR5 activation is unique in that it elicits Ca2+ oscillations. A short region of the mGluR5 C terminus is the critical determinant and differs from the analogous region of mGluR1alpha by a single amino acid residue,(More)
The venoms of Viperidae and Crotalidae snakes are a rich source of proteins with activity against various factors involved in coagulation and fibrinolysis. These proteins are very specific for their molecular targets, resistant to physiological inhibitors and stable in vitro and in vivo. They have therefore proved to be useful for diagnostic tests. Based on(More)
NR2C-containing N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors are highly expressed in cerebellar granule cells where they mediate the majority of current in the adult. NMDA receptors composed of NR1/NR2C exhibit a low conductance and reduced sensitivity to Mg(2+), compared with the more commonly studied NR2A- and NR2B-containing receptors. Despite these interesting(More)
Neuronal kainate receptors are typically heteromeric complexes composed of GluR5-7 and KA1-2 subunits. Although GluR5-7 can exist as functional homomeric channels, the KA subunits cannot. KA2 is widely expressed in the CNS, and KA2/GluR6 heteromers are the most prevalent subunit composition in brain. Previous work has identified endoplasmic reticulum(More)
Kainate receptors are a class of ionotropic glutamate receptors that are widely expressed in the mammalian brain, yet little is known about their physiological role or the mechanisms by which they are regulated. Kainate receptors are composed of multiple subunits (GluR5-7; KA1-2), which can combine to form homomeric or heteromeric channels. While the(More)
Anandamide (ANA), a cannabinoid receptor ligand, stimulated platelet aggregation at concentrations similar to those of arachidonic acid (AA). The aggregating effect of ANA was inhibited by aspirin but not by SR-141716, a cannabinoid receptor antagonist. In addition, HU-210, a cannabinoid receptor agonist, failed to induce platelet activation. Radiolabelling(More)
Snake venom serine proteinases, which belong to the subfamily of trypsin-like serine proteinases, exhibit a high degree of sequence identity (60-66%). Their stringent macromolecular substrate specificity contrasts with that of the less specific enzyme trypsin. One of them, the plasminogen activator from Trimeresurus stejnegeri venom (TSV-PA), which shares(More)
Snake venom serine proteinases affect many steps of the blood coagulation cascade. Each of them usually acts selectively on one coagulation factor. They are therefore potentially useful components to study the mechanisms of action, the regulation and the structure-function relationships of human serine proteinase coagulation factors. This strategy is(More)
Long-term synaptic plasticity is an important mechanism underlying the development of cortical circuits in a number of brain regions. In barrel cortex NMDA receptor (NMDAR)-dependent long-term potentiation (LTP) and long-term depression (LTD) play a critical role in the development and experience-dependent plasticity of the topographical map of the rodent(More)
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