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Understanding the collaborations that arise between the instances of classes in object-oriented programs is important for the analysis , optimization, or modification of the program. Relationships have been proposed as a programming language construct to enable an explicit representation of these collaborations. This paper introduces a relational model that(More)
Reasoning about object-oriented programs is difficult since such programs usually involve aliasing, and it is not easy to identify the ways objects can relate to each other and thus to confine a program's heap. In this paper, we address this problem in the context of a relationship-based programming language. In relationship-based programming languages,(More)
There is a disconnect between modelling and implementation: relationships are prevalent in system models but implementation languages do not provide first-class support for them. For example, in Java (and other Object-Oriented Languages), relationships must be implemented by hand using references embedded in participants. This approach is cumbersome and(More)
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