Stephanie Baello

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P-glycoprotein (P-gp), an efflux transporter encoded by the abcb1 gene, protects the developing fetal brain. Levels of P-gp in endothelial cells of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) increase dramatically during the period of peak brain growth. This is coincident with increased release of TGF-β1 by astrocytes and neurons. Although TGF-β1 has been shown to(More)
BACKGROUND Neonates have been shown to have a heightened sensitivity to the central depressive effects of opioids compared to older infants and adults. The limited development of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) may limit the ability of the neonate to efflux morphine from the brain back to the systemic circulation. The objective of the study was to determine the(More)
P-glycoprotein (P-gp) encoded by Abcb1 provides protection to the developing brain from xenobiotics. P-gp in brain endothelial cells (BECs) derived from the developing brain microvasculature is up-regulated by glucocorticoids and inhibited by pro-inflammatory cytokines in vitro. However, little is known about how prenatal maternal glucocorticoid treatment(More)
Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) increases P-glycoprotein (P-gp; encoded by Abcb1) activity in fetal brain endothelial cells (BECs). P-gp is important for fetal brain protection against xenobiotics including synthetic glucocorticoids (sGC). We hypothesized that antenatal sGC would modify P-gp responsiveness to TGF-β1 in fetal BECs. Pregnant guinea(More)
Brain endothelial cells (BECs) form a major component of the blood-brain barrier (BBB). In late gestation, these cells express high levels of the multidrug transporter p-glycoprotein (P-gp; encoded by Abcb1), which prevents the passage of an array of endogenous factors and xenobiotics into the fetal brain. P-gp levels in the BECs increase dramatically in(More)
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