Stephanie Arnold

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Cardiovascular actions of insulin were studied by intravenous infusions of insulin (4 and 8 mU/kg per min) in normal conscious dogs. This resulted in increases in cardiac output, heart rate, and left ventricular derivative of pressure with respect to time (dP/dt) and dP/dt/P, as blood glucose was reduced. The inotropic and chronotropic effects of insulin(More)
A projection from the medial amygdaloid nucleus to the hippocampus and septum probably uses vasopressin as a transmitter. The nucleus synthesizes vasopressin and activation of the nucleus has a hippocampal effect that is completely blocked by a vasopressin antagonist. The afferent and efferent projections of this peptidergic nucleus suggest a possible role(More)
To understand the apparently paradoxical appearance of phosphorylase in muscle cultured from patients with McArdle disease, the enzyme in muscle culture was studied immunologically and electrophoretically. Antibody against normal human muscle phosphorylase completely inhibited the enzyme of adult muscle, but it had no effect on phosphorylase activity of(More)
Platelet activation occurs during host defence and in various inflammatory disorders. In animal models of infection and inflammation, experimental depletion of platelets leads to significantly reduced leukocyte recruitment and impaired clearance of pathogens from the lung. It is now appreciated that purinergic receptor activation is required for leukocyte(More)
The medial amygdaloid nucleus (AME) synthesizes a peptide similar to arginine vasopressin and projects peptidergic fibers to the ipsilateral hippocampus in the male rat. In previous studies, we have shown that the peptide acts as a transmitter and, using in vitro and in vivo electrophysiology, we have characterized its mechanism of action. Previous(More)
Inhibition of the hippocampus by the medial amygdala is mediated by vasopressin-like peptide. Because vasopressin has action on the periphery as well as the brain, we conducted experiments to evaluate the relationship between possible peripheral actions and the central effects of the endogenous peptide. In the acutely anesthetized rat, peptide-mediated(More)
Platelets have been implicated in pulmonary inflammatory cell recruitment following exposure to allergic and non-allergic stimuli, but little is known about the role of platelets in response to pulmonary infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa). In this study, we have investigated the impact of the experimental depletion of circulating(More)
Having described a peptidergic transmitter system in the rat brain, we now begin to evaluate its behavioral function. We stimulated cell bodies in the medial amygdaloid nucleus (AME) with indwelling bilateral electrodes. These cell bodies contain a vasopressin-like peptide and send fibers to the hippocampus where the peptide is released upon stimulation.(More)
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