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BACKGROUND/PURPOSE The natural history of parenchymal lung lesions such as congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM) and pulmonary sequestration (PS) has been altered by the advent of antenatal ultrasonography. Initial reports were characterized by a high (about 30%) incidence of adverse features (eg, hydrops) and a poor outcome and did not accord(More)
OBJECTIVES 'Persistent cloaca' is a severe malformation affecting females in which the urinary, genital and alimentary tracts share a single conduit. Previously, a Uroplakin IIIA (UPIIIA) mutation was reported in one individual with persistent cloaca, and UPIIIA, Sonic Hedgehog (SHH), Ephrin B2 (EFNB2) and Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1beta (HNF1beta) are(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the repeatability and validity of a previously described sacral ratio measurement as a method for detecting sacral abnormalities, as the association between sacral abnormalities and neuropathic bladder is well known but the diagnosis of subtle sacral anomalies is often delayed. MATERIALS AND METHODS Fifty sacral radiographs (from 30(More)
Persistent cloaco is the most severe type of anorectal malformation encountered in children. Patients with cloacal anomalies have a high incidence of associated anomalies most commonly: urinary tract and spinal. Persistent cloaca remains a difficult reconstructive challenge but it is now possible to anatomically correct the defect with surgery in the(More)
PURPOSE Patients with cloacal anomalies often suffer bladder dysfunction with recurrent urinary infections and incontinence. We examined the effect of surgical reconstruction by posterior sagittal approach and total urogenital mobilization in either causing or worsening bladder dysfunction. MATERIALS AND METHODS Between August 2000 and December 2002 all(More)
PURPOSE Persistent cloaca is a complex malformation that remains a difficult reconstructive challenge, and data on long-term outcome are scarce. Gynecological abnormalities are common with cloaca but may remain asymptomatic until puberty or adult life. We evaluate long-term gynecological sequelae in these patients with persistent cloaca. MATERIALS AND(More)
PURPOSE Cloaca is a complex malformation in which the rectum, vagina and urinary tract open into a single common channel. Functional results after reconstructive surgery have been documented but the renal outcome is less clearly understood. MATERIALS AND METHODS The records of all patients with cloacal malformation treated at our institution from 1980 to(More)
PURPOSE Persistent cloaca is a complex malformation with variable presentation that remains a difficult reconstructive challenge. Previous reviews have concentrated on surgical technique, and data on long-term outcome are scarce. We evaluate long-term outcome and when possible correlate outcome with anatomy at presentation. MATERIALS AND METHODS The(More)
The 25th annual meeting of the European Society for Pediatric Urology (ESPU) took place in Innsbruck, Austria from the 7th to 10th of May 2014. The Specialty Chief Editor and nine Associate editors of Frontiers in Pediatrics, Pediatric Urology were in attendance. Each was asked to select the two presentations that they considered most significant. Here, we(More)